№ 1 (211) / 2019

 

ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Methodological Approaches to Strengthening Addressed Social Supporting Indigent Families with Children

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10049

BOBKOV, VYACHESLAV NIKOLAYEVITCH

Doctor of Economics, Professor, Honoured  Science Worker of the Russian Federation, Head of the Laboratory of Problems of Living Standards and Quality of Life at the Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Research Worker of the Scientific School «Human Resource Management» at G V Plekhanov Russian University of  Economics

Email: bobkovvn@mail.ru

GULYUGINA, ALEVTINA ALEKSANDROVNA

PhD in Economics, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the journal «Living Standarts of the Population in the Regions of Russia»

Email: algula@mail.ru

ODINTSOVA, YELENA VALER’YEVNA

PhD in Economics, Leading Research Worker of the Laboratory of Problems of Living Standards and Quality of Life at the Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population Russian Academy of  Sciences

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Abstract

The Object of the Study.Indigent families with children

The Subject of the Study.Addressed social support

The Purpose of the Study.Development of tools to strengthen addressed social support.

The Main Provisions of the Article. Among the poor, whose per capita income is below the subsistence level, families with children predominate. Taking social support measures requires the addressed use of budgetary funds and strengthening it. The achievement of these goals involves the use of appropriate social policy tools, the absence of which significantly reduces the effectiveness of social support measures. A Pilot project under grant of the President of the Russian Federation for the development of civil society is aimed at solving this problem.

The implementation of the Project in the Vologda Oblast’ as a pilot region made it possible to carry out a full range of experimental work from analyzing of the depth and causes of poverty in each specific family of the target group to providing with addressed  social support on the basis of specially developed tools to strengthen it.

The system of threshold criteria developed with the use of social standards of consumption and taking into account the effect of savings on consumption in cohabitation, formed the criterion basis for ensuring and strengthening addressed social supporting indigent families with children. The following tools were used at different stages of the Project implementation: the subsistence minimum of the main socio-demographic groups of the population, the equivalence scale, the equivalent differentiated subsistence minimum of families with children with the effect of saving on consumption and its components, a guaranteed minimum income.

Scientifically grounded threshold levels are an important component of the mechanism for improving the economic situation of indigent families with children up to the level of the guaranteed minimum income, providing with the resources potential of the region and taking into account the assessment of the underutilized economic potential of these families and the conditions for their more active gaining additional income from employment.

Receiving practical approval of the tools developed during the Project has demonstrated their effectiveness in strengthening the social support for indigent  families with children

Keywords: addressed social support; a differentiated subsistence minimum; an indigent family with  children; a minimum guaranteed income; socioeconomic potential; scale of equivalence, savings on consumption in cohabitation.

Acknowledgements. The authors would like to thank the Fund-Operator of President Grants for Developing a Civil Society for the financial support within the framework of the project «Strengthening Address Social Supporting and Economic Stability of Families with Children: a Pilot Project» (Dogovor o predostavleniy’ granta Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsiyi na razvitiye grazhdanskogo obshchestva No 17-2-010241).

Methodological Approaches to Monitoring Status of Health and Safety of the Population in the Northern Territories

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10050

SUKNYOVA, SVETLANA ALEKSANDROVNA

Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Chief Research Worker, Head of Laboratory,

Research Institute of Regional Economics of the North,

M K Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University,Yakutsk 677000, Rossiya

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SEMYONOVA, YELENA NIKOLAYEVNA

Postgraduate Student,

Financial and Economic Institute, Department of Labour Economics and Social Relations, M K Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk 677000, Rossiya

Email: cemenovaen@mail.ru,

Abstract.

The Object of the Study.  The system of monitoring the quality of life of the population in the municipalities of the northern territories.

The Subject of the Study. Trends and patterns of quality of life indicators.

The Purpose of the Study. On the basis of the developed methodology, assessing the quality of life of the population by the example of individual indicators reflecting the health and safety of the population in the context of municipalities with the construction of an integrated rating for the region.

The Main Provisions of the Article.  Nowadays, the need and relevance of information on the living strandards and quality of life of the population not only by region, but also by municipalities, are essenting, and the situation and indicators are the most important strategic task of the region, including smoothing the differentiation between municipalities. In assessing the quality of life of the population monitoring  the state of health and safety of the population is of great importance. The are indicators reflecting the situation in these areas.

A monitoring system is needed that can monitor and identify problem points of greatest tension in a particular municipal entity, set priorities for the future, conduct comparative analyzes in the dynamics of indicators, and evaluate the effectiveness of government bodies.

Municipal statistics makes it possible to evaluate some indicators of the standards of living within the regions, but they reflect only certain aspects of social development; nevertheless, the most relevant indicators can be used to calculate the integral index for assessing the situation in municipalities of the region.

Receiving practical approval of the method has proved its effectiveness by  the example of municipalities of the Sakha Republic (Yakutiya) according to statistics of the Territorial body of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Sakha Republic (Yakutiya) including indicators of the health and safety of the population by level between municipalities and over three years. In the developed methodology, statistical indicators are converted into points depending on the maximum and minimum values.

Indicators have been worked out taking into account the relevance for the northern territories, which may reflect the situation in a particular municipality, and  the current socioeconomic situation.

Based on the results of the assessment of the state of health and safety of the population, a rating of municipalities of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) has been built,and differentiation was revealed by municipalities of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The presented study confirms the need for system monitoring and the development of criteria for evaluating indicators of the quality of life of the population in the municipalities of the region in order to conduct an active social policy in the future.

Keywords: health, crime, safety, living standards an quality of life, and integral index; municipalities; the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya).

The Standards of Living of a Northern Region and Ways of Their Improvement (by the Example of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya))

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10051

TOLSTYKH, GENNADIY VLADIMIROVITCH 

Doctor of Historical Sciences, Honoured Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation, Head of  the Department of Socio-Labour Sphere studies of The Arctic Research Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya).

Email: gtv131971@mail.ru

 

Abstract.

The Object of the Study is a northern territory (the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya).

The Subject of the Study the living standards of the population of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya).

The Purpose of the Study is to identify the most important problems of the standards of living of a northern region (by the example of the Republic in Sakha (Yakutiya)) and finding ways of their improvement.

Methods of Investigation: analysis of the statistics and the data of the public bodies of the State administration on the issues of demographic development, changes in the dynamics of incomes of the population, subsistence minimum, life expectancy, etc.

It is found that sustainable development of northern regions can be achieved by raising the standards of living of the population and this is one of the conditions for ensuring national security of Russia. More than half of the total area of the country belongs to the northern territories. The regions of the North give 60% of all foreign exchange earnings of the Russian Federation. The transition to market relations significantly affected the deterioration of the quality of the social infrastructure of the North. Over the past 15 years, all subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, except for the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya), have lost their population. The reasons for the migration outflow are the reduction of material incentives for work in the Far North. There is a limited access to quality medical, educational and cultural services.

Thanks to the measures taken, in the period of 2002-2016 life expectancy increased by 7 years in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya), Khabarovskiy Kray, Amur and Magadan Oblast’s. The Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya) has a number of unresolved problems that are deterrent factors in raising the living standards of the population of the northern region which are a high cost of travel on vacation during summer season, a significant proportion of old and dilapidated housing in the general housing stock and poor quality of drinking water. To solve these problems it is necessary a support of the federal bodies of the state power.

Keywords: a northern region, The Republic of Sakha (Yakutiya); living standards; demographic situation; life expectancy, population income; a subsistence minimum budget; social protection.

 

Poverty Factors in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutyia)

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10052

GAVRIL’YEVA, TUYARA NIKOLAYEVNA Doctor of Economics, Research Professor of the Institute of Engineering & Technology of North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Rossiya; Leading Researcher at the Department of Regional Economic and Social Studies of the Yakuti Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

Email: tuyara@list.ru

NABEREZHNAYA, ANNA TIMOFEYEVNA, PhD in Economics, Director of the Financial and Economic Institute of the North-Eastern Federal University; Associate Proessor at the Institute of Mathemstics and Computer Science, North-Eastern Federal University.

Email: atnaber@mail.ru

IVANOVA, MARINA ARTUROVNA, Lecturer of the Institute of Modern Languages and International Studies, North-Eastern Federal University; Postgraduate Student of the Institute of Finances and Economics, North-Eastern Federal University.

NIKIFOROV FILIPP,VLADIMIROVITCH Master’s Degree Student of the Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, North-Eastern Federal University.

Email: nikfilv@hotmail.com

Abstract

The Object of the Study The dynamics of indicators that comprehensively characterize poverty in the Republic Yakutiya has been analysed.

The Subject of the Study The dynamics of poor people number in the region.

The Purpose of the Study Is th  determination of the endogenous (internal) factors of poverty based on the methods of economic and mathematical modeling and further development of perspective social

The Main Theoretical Provision. The social policy of the government of the republic over the past decade has focused on employment, birth rate, housing, sustainable rural development, but program activities did not take into account the differentiation of social groups, with their low efficiency. The current moment seems to be a possible transition point to a more effective and adequate social policy. The structured database related to measurements of social well-being and living standards of the population in Yakutiya from 1995-2017 was created on the basic on open information of the Sakha (Yakutia)stat. It was used for determining the main factors and regional characteristics of poverty in Yakutiya. The factors that have the most significant impact on the level of poverty in the region were selected based on the correlation analysis. A linear regression model was created where the number of poor people was taken as the dependent variable. It has been proved that the number of poor people has a direct positive relationship with the indicators “number of pensioners” and “expenses of the consolidated budget of Yakutiya” and inverse relationship with “housing per capita”, "the real dynamics of the GRP" and "the population monetary incomes". Based on quantitative and qualitative analysis, the endogenous factors of poverty in the region were identified: high cost of living, low correlation of poverty with employment, wage disparities, as well as high fertility. Proposals of targeted social policy have been developed. They include: revision of the legal framework in the field of social protection, improvement of targeting social assistance, reviewing the demographic priorities of social policy, a maneuver in public sector jobs , the development of poverty monitoring and social assistance delivery based on digitalization, social experiments on poverty alleviation, including Universal Basic Income model for indigenous communes. 

Keywords: Yakutiya;  poverty;  incomes; factors, a regression analysis; social policy

Acknowledgment. The publication is prepared within the framework of the Project No. 17-02-00619 “Comparative Analysis of the Sources of Incomes and the Problem of Poverty in Traditional Communities of Northern Regions of Russia, the USA and Canada” supported by funding from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.

 

Forecasting Fertility Based on Economic Factors

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10053

KASHEPOV, AV

Doctor of Economics, Professor, Moscow State Pedagogical University, Chief Researcher at the Institute of Macroeconomic Research of the Russian Academy of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation

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Annotation.

The Object of the Study: Demographic situation, population reproduction. fertility, fertility factors by group: demographic factors directly included in the number of benefits, subsidies and other measures of state demographic policy, economic factors that have a direct or indirect impact on the demographic situation in General, and the birth rate of the population

The Subject of Study: fertility Forecasting based on selected groups of factors, using statistical methods, in particular regression equations.

The Puroose of the Puroose of the Study is : to Identify the dominant influence of GDP, per capita income, the level of specific budget expenditures and other economic indicators on the main indicators of fertility.

The Main Provisions of the Article: according to the calculations of the coefficients of pair correlation, the main indicators of fertility, and the key indicator TFR in particular,- depend not only on the passage of "demographic waves", and the level of costs of the national project "Demography", but also on GDP and other socioeconomic indicators. Traditional fertility projections are based on models that link age-specific fertility rates and the total fertility rate to the number of female populations that vary with the passage of "demographic waves". The ideology of traditional forecasting is the theory of "demographic transition". This article proposes to expand the field of forecasting methods due to a more confident connection of demographic indicators with economic ones. In particular, it is assumed that economic growth, and the resulting increase in specific budget expenditures on social, including demographic, policy, income growth and housing security of the population, can "equalize" the demographic wave, lowering its height and reducing its amplitude. Economic factors, if they are positive, can mitigate the decline in fertility and increase its growth. This addition to the generally accepted, but almost "separated" from the economy theories of "demographic transition", allow to adjust the forecasts of the total fertility rate (TFR). For this correction, the article proposes to use regression equations. This group of equations is suitable when retrospective statistical series of economic indicators for a sufficiently long period of time are available for analysis, and there are official (or generally accepted expert forecasts) for the future. This is the difference between the equations used in the article and more complex mathematical constructions, which offer a certain explanation of the situation, but do not have a statistical base for forecasting. In addition, the proposed equations are simple and effective for use by practitioners, because they do not require complex mathematical programs and can be easily implemented in the Excel processor.

Keywords: population; demographic forecast; fertility forecast, demographic and economic factors of fertility

 

SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Social Challenges of the New Pension Reform in the Current Demographic Situation in Rossiya

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10054

DOBROKHLEB, VALENTINA GRIGOR’YEVNA

Doctor of Economics, Professor., Head of Laboratory, Institute of Social and Economic Studies of Population, RAS, Moskva, Rossiya; Chief Researcher, Institute for SocioPolitical Research, RAS, Moskva, Rossiya: Email: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Annotation

The Object of the Study, is the social challenges associated with the new pension reform in Rossiya.

The Subject of the Study is the current demographic situation. One of the main civilizational challenges in Russia today is the demographic situation caused by the change in the age structure of the population – the birth rate is falling, the proportion and number of children's cohorts are decreasing, and the number of elderly people is steadily increasing. In our country, in accordance with the Federal law "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Appointment and Payment of Pensions", an increase in the retirement age has been approved. Changes in legislation to raise the retirement age in Russia are conducted in conditions of low life expectancy in comparison with other countries, as well as without taking into account the fact that the Russian regions are "aging" in different ways. If we talk about the regions, the oldest of them is the Tula Oblast’, where the number of citizens belonging to the category 60+ reaches 18.2 percent, and the youngest is considered to be Chechnya, in which such people are 4.3 percent, that is, the "geographical" gap is also very significant.

The Main Theoretical Provisions of practical importance are that in the context of the adoption of the new pension reform, the main social challenges are: low life expectancy as well as low compared with economically developed countries, the survival of the elderly and old people; the continuing gap in the life expectancy of men and women, while the life expectancy of women is higher than that of men, and the level of their health is lower; the lack of a clear system of advanced training of older workers, including in the pre-retirement age; low rates of creation of new high-tech jobs in the country; poverty of the population due to the low level of wages; significant regional differences in the rate of demographic aging and in access to jobs, including high-tech. All this requires the adoption of effective management decisions to achieve the goals of economic development of the country, scheduled up to 2024.

Keywords: a pension reform; life expectancy; depopulation.

Acknowledgements. The article has been prepared for the Grant RFFI No 16-06-00314 «Structural Changes of Rossiya’s Labour Market in Terms of Transforming Institutional Model».

 

EVALUATING LIVING STANDARDS OF FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN: ANALITICAL CAPABILITIES OF RESEARCH STUDIES PERFORMED BY ROSSTAT

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10055

 

ARKHANGEL’SKIY, VLADIMIR NIKOLAYEVITCH

PhD in Economics,, Head of the Sector of the Centre for Population Studies of the Faculty of Economics of MV Lomonosov Moskva State University.

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yELIZAROV, VALERIY VLADIMIROVITCH

PhD in,Economics, Scientific Head of the Centre for Population Studies of the Faculty of Economics of MV Lomonosov Moskva State University.

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Dzhanayeva, NATAL’YA GEORGIyEVNA

PhD in Economics, Senior Research Worker. Centre for Population Studies of the Faculty of Economics of  MV Lomonosov Moskva State University.

Email: njanaeva@gmail.com

 

Abstract

The article analyzes the possibilities of using data from various surveys conducted by Rosstat to assess the standard of living of families with children. It is important to focus both on objective parameters (primarily income) and on a subjective assessment (degree of income adequacy, satisfaction with living standards, etc.), which may be a more significant determinant of social well-being and behaviour in various spheres of life.

The Object of the Study is families with children under the age of 18.

The Subject of the Study is the standard of living of families with children under the age of 18. The article discusses both the theoretical and practical aspects of this subject of study.

The Theoretical Aspect of the Subject is approaches to an objective and subjective assessment of the standard of living.

The Empirical Aspect of the Subject is the differences in objective parameters and the subjective assessment of the standard of living of families depending on the number of children.

The Purpose of the Studyis studying differences in the standard of living of families depending on the number of children and  assessing the analytical capabilities of its information support using the results of surveys conducted by Rosstat.

The article discusses the possibilities of using various indicators, information on which is contained in the data of Rosstat surveys, to assess and analyze differences in the size and structure of income, as well as a subjective assessment of the standard of living in families with different numbers of children. The main attention is paid to the materials “Sampling Observation of Population Income and Participation in Social Programs” (2012, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017), “Comprehensive Observation of Living Conditions of the Population” (2011, 2014 and 2016) and “Sampling Observation of Reproductive Population Plans "2012”. The programs of those surveys are analyzed from the point of view of the possibilities of their use for assessing and analyzing differences in the standard of living of families with different numbers of children. The results of the “Selective Observation of Incomes of the Population and Participation in Social Programs” showed that with a larger number of children under the age of 18 in a family, the average per capita cash income is significantly less. Significant differences in the amount of income from work activity are smoothed to a very small extent by relatively large benefits, compensation and other social payments with a larger number of children in the family. According to the 2012 Selective Observation of the Reproduction Plans of the Population, the difference in the average per capita income depending on the number of children in the family is substantially less than the results of the Selective Observation of Population Incomes and Participation in Social Programs (due to the higher indicated incomes in families with three or more children), and differences in the assessment of living standards are relatively small.

Keywords: families with children; standard of living; poverty; household incomes; reproductive plans; family support measures.

Acknowledgements. The research has been carried out with the financial  of RFFI in the framework of Project No 18-010-01196.

 

 

The Level of Development of the Region as a Factor of Strategic Planning

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10056

KORNILOVITCH, VLADIMIR ADAMOVITCH

PhD in Sociology, Council Member, Non-Profit-Making Partnership «International Innovation Institute»

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Abstract

The Object of the Study. Strategic planning as a type of government activity for the implementation of the state’s strategic management function.

The Subject of the Study. Features of forming of public attitudes to state strategic planning in the conditions of different levels of modernization of the regions.

The Purpose of the Study. Identification of sociological grounds for constructing a promising model of state strategic management.

The Main Provisions of the Article. Strategic management is the highest function of the state. It is implemented by the authorities through the system of state strategic planning and a specific type of management activity - the development and implementation of strategies, projects and programs. The problem in the state strategic management is manifested in the fact that targeted actions of the authorities on the implementation of strategies, national projects and long-term development programs have unforeseen consequences. The continuing growth of territorial disproportions in the socioeconomic, and sociocultural development of cities and regions of Russiya indicates that the modernization of Russian society ir a spontaneous, fragmentary, rather than  a manageable process.

The article presents an analysis of the results obtained in the course of the study “Civil Expertise of the Problem of Reforming the Power-Management Vertical in the Context of Socio-Cultural Modernization Processes of the Regions: From Monitoring States to Forecasting Design” (RNF, 2015-2017, Head - Dr.S. A Tikhonov).

On the basis of empirical data, the author demonstrates the potential of sociological tools in studying the properties of social management systems emerging at the municipal, regional and federal levels. It is proved that when a certain level of modernization of the region is reached, there is an increase in the influence of the subjective factor in management, which, along with others, determines the ability of authorities to achieve the planned results of long-term development.

Differentiation of regions according to the level of socio-economic and socio-cultural development as well as the existing set of social management systems do not allow to implementat linear dependencies in management relations. The initial condition for constructing a new model of state strategic management is a combination of institutional, normative-value management ,and developming macro-technology at the federal,  regional  and  municipal levels.

Keywords: public administration; state strategic management; state strategic planning; modernization; a predictive design.

 

PHILOSOPHIC RESEARCH

Justice in the System of Socioeconomic Relations: Theoretical and Institutional Aspects

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10057

GROZDILOV, SERGEY VYACHESLAVOVITCH,

Dh D, Associate Professor, Yaroslavl’ State Agriculture Academy.

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BARUZDIN, PAVEL YUR’YEVITCH,

Master's Degree Student of the Faculty of Economics, P G Demidov Yaroslavl’ State University.

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Abstract

The Object of the Study. Justice as a social phenomenon, a property, and the system-forming side of social relations.

The Subject of the Study. Systems aralysing the phenomenon of justice as an objective characteristic of social relations at the theoretic and conceptual levels in the socioeconomic sphere.

The Purpose of the Study. The category of justice, its essential, meaningful characteristics in the context of socioeconomic relations.

The Main Provisions of the Article

In the context of globalization of social processes, the problem of justice has acquired special importance both in theoretical, ideological and practical terms. In the system of socio-economic relations, justice as an objective property of these relations is determined through the socio-philosophical category, which indicates the correspondence of appropriation as a process of securing resources, property, means of production, material goods, services and various types of income for an economic entity or an individual to the results of their activities.

At each stage of social development, economic justice has its limits , which are the interests of the state and social groups. The latter dictate their demands for the application of the principles of justice, primarily through decent remuneration for work. As an economic problem, justice is manifested in the form of claims, conditions imposed on the political power about effective taxation and adequate tax burden on the population.But in general, the study of the problems of justice in economic relations is closely related to the need to find more effective options for the development of production and society. On a socially significant scale, socio-economic justice acts as the expediency of the emerging property relations, and their transformation at a certain historical stage. The dynamics of changes in economic relations, the basis of which are property relations, causes changes in the specific meaning of justice in this process

Keywords:  wages; appropriation; distribution; property; justice; economic relations.

 

Correlation of the Birth Rate of the Population with the Factors of Forming the Knowledge Economy in the Chuvash Republic

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10058

The reported research was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Chuvash Republic, grant № 18-410-210005 «р_а»

MUKIN,VLADIMIR ANTONOVITEH

PhD in Physicsand Mathematics,Associate Professor at the Chairof Philosophy, Sociology and Pedagogy, of I.N. Ul’yanovChuvashState University

Еmail: mukin-va@yandex.ru

KADYSHEV, YEVGENIY NIKOLAYEVITCH

Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Chair of Branch Economy, IN Ul’yanovChuvash State University

Еmail: kadyshev@chuvsu.ru

SOKOLOVA, LARISA YUR’YEVNA

Senior Lecturer at the Chair of Philosophy, Sociology and Pedagogy, IN . Ul’yanov Chuvash State University

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YEFREMOV, OLEG YUR’YEVITCH

PhD,Associate Professor at the Chair of Philosophy, Sociology and Pedagogy , IN Ul’yanov Chuvash State University

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Abstract

The Object of the Study. Knowledge economy

The Subject of the Study. Correlation of fertility with the factors of forming  the knowledge economy.

The Purpose of the Study. Identification and scientific description of correlations of the birth rate of the population with the  of forming formation of the knowledge economy in the ChuvashRepublic.

The Main Provisions of the Article. The prospect of development of the knowledge economy is connected with the reproduction of human capital, not only in its quantitative, but also in  qualitative content. Human capital is an important factor in the development of our country. Human capital is one of the main indicators of the knowledge economy. In general, low birth rates and high premature mortality rates remain in Russia. The article compares the results of statistical studies on the dynamics of fertility in the Russian Federation and the ChuvashRepublic. The rise in the birth rate is associated with active processes in the country. Identified and systematized active socio-economic, political, historical and cultural processes, systemically associated with the reproduction of the population of the Chuvash Republic. The article notes  lack of effective political decisions aimed at forming the knowledge economy. In addition, the importance of the index of human development and innovation activity of the economy. Stressed and that  of historical and cultural processes contributing to the formation of innovative economy are stressed.

The presence of correlations of fertility indicators with the factors of development of the knowledge economy is established. The  authors of the article allocate active  social and economic, political, historical and cultural. processes as factors of  development the knowledge economy. The revealed processes correlate with the demographic situation in Rossiya and the Churash Republic. The revealed correlations of the birth rate of the population with the factors of forming of the knowledge economy in the Chuvash Republic show that these two phenomena are recurrent, that is, mutually conditioned and require a comprehensive solution. Comparison of the results with the indicators of the nearby regions of the Volga region indicates the need to increase the pace of development of the knowledge economy, which will lead to increasing  fertility and quality of life in the Chuvash Republic.

The autors reveal the differences in the indicators of fertility dynamics among the regions of the Volga region bordering the ChuvashRepublic and the population fertility trends. The analysis of the effectiveness of measures taken by the government was given.

Keywords: knowledge economy; fertility; demographic processes; human capital; correlation.

 

 

Information Security and Cultural Dominant in Management of Socioeconomic Development While Going Over to a Digital Economy

DOI: 10.24411/1999-9836-2019-10059

MACHKHELYAN, GARRY GRIGOR’YEVITCH

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, International Information Editor of the journal «Living Standards of the Population in Regions of Russia»

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Abstract

The Purpose of the Study. Exposing the importance of solving problems of the cultural dominant in management of socioeconomic development and information security of the country as preconditions for successful going over to a digital economy.

The Objec of the Study t. The cultural dominant in management of socioeconomic development and information security.

The Subject of the Study. Problems of the cultural dominant in management of socioeconomic development and information security of Rossiya.

The Basic Aspects of the Article. The importance of forming a digital economy as a factor of national security and sovereignty of Rossiya is stressed. Problems of the cultural dominant in management of socioeconomic development and information security of the country as preconditions for successful going over to a digital economy are analysed. The quality of education, implementing progressive methods of getting professional knowledge and technological progress pave the way for the innovative economics of Russia’s development in the 21st century. The author stresses the need of taking into account a new approach to transliterating scientific terms, personal and place names, English transliterating Russian personal names and toponyms in particular. The urgency of economic and law competence of industrial and research workers is accentuated. Using the former English transliteration of some most important toponyms of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States is to be considered incorrect.

Keywords: a new technological structure; information security; the cultural dominant in management of socioeconomic development; competence; literacy; skillfulness; R&D (research and development); high technologies; successful going over (to); electronic economy; digital economy.

 

 

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