2015 ; № 1

About State and Forecast of Development of Labour Market and Employment in the Russian Federation (2006-2017)

Bobkov, VN, Anikeev, SD, Loktyuhina, NV, Rozhkov, VD, Pirozhenko, EA

 

Abstract

Relevance. The article analyzes the current situation on the Russian labor market on the basis of official sources. We consider the Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation for 2015 and the planning period of 2016 and 2017, prepared by the Ministry of Economic Development.

Object. The author gives suggestions and comments on the content of the draft Forecast of Economic Development of Russia on the labor market and employment.

The subject of the study. Proposes measures to promote employment, settlement of labor migration processes, increasing the minimum wage to the subsistence level.

The expediency reflected in the draft Forecast of newly adopted laws and regulations on the labor market.

Denoted comments on options developed Ministry of Economic Development forecast the unemployment rate up to 2017.

The author brings to the three variants of the situation on the labor market until 2017. Implementation of the first scenario it is assumed, provided the relative stabilization of the geopolitical situation.

Targeting article. Offers a second variant of the forecast moderate - optimistic. Substantiates the negative variant of the forecast by presenting the calculated indicators of the labor market and employment, their dynamics. Submitted to general conclusions about the situation on the labor market in the future until 2017. The factors of government economic policies that directly affect the dynamics of the level of employment.

Keywords: labour market; employment; unemployment rate; forecast; labour migration; compensation

 

Social Precarity and Sustainable Growth: reflections on a dangerous contradiction.

Ricceri, M.

Abstract

The object of study. Economic, professional, social and existential precarization.

The subject of the study. Typology of forms of precarization. Plurality and multidimensionality of its causes. Range of social precarization and characterize its processes and phenomena. Structural changes in the structure of society, caused by precarization and projected scenarios caused by these changes in the near future.

Economic aspects of precarization: the inadequacy of wages, growth frequent job changes, atypical and irregular employment, employment blur in nature and content, is closely linked to poverty.

Aspects of professional precarization: the difficulty of selecting and useful field of knowledge and skills, the difficulty of career development, reducing the level of active participation in the initiatives of the labor market, the loss of positive dynamics in the processes of democratic society.

Aspects of social precarization: the complexity of identity in society and in professional and community labor, ambivalent social roles, increasing uncertainty and marginalized young people sootnoseniya social groups, unproductive social mobility.

Aspects of existential precarization: the loss of life orientations, the ability to formulate plans for the future growth of doubts about the possibility to start a family, have children, expanding immigration sentiment.

Keywords: globalization, global elite, politics of nation-states, sustainable development, flexibility and precarization.

 

 

Optimization of staff: Challenges and Opportunities

Kartashova, Larisa V. Kosareva, E A.

 

Abstract

Object. Optimization of personnel: economic, organizational, legal, social, psychological and ethical issues.

The subject of the study. Regulation of the internal labor market: labor reallocation, the release of staff in terms of mergers and acquisitions, forced a decline in production, reorganization and changes in economic conditions. Staff reductions and productivity. The risks and negative consequences of economic and technological change, caused a reduction of staff. Analysis of opportunities to avoid or minimize the expected reduction. Activities to mitigate the negative effects of the release of the workers.

Purpose. Consider a system of measures to prevent unjustified dismissals, possible alternatives to reduce personnel and measures to support redundant workers and to create conditions to increase the efficiency of labor.

Keywords: optimization of staff, labor market, work force releasing, personnel management, employment regulation, compensation pays, discharge pay.

 

Prekariat as a New Group of Employees

Golenkova, ZT, Goliusova, Yu V.

Abstract.

Object. Prekariata phenomenon.

The subject of the study. Prekariat as a new group of employees. Wage earners as the vast majority of economically active citizens of industrialized countries.

Analysis of new trends and phenomena in the field of employment. The process of changing stable employment - job insecurity. The emergence nelegitimizirovannogo sector in the labor market. The problem of social vulnerability strata referred to as "unfit for employment" ("nenanimaemye", "hired on the unsteady conditions", the "extra"). Prekariat as unprotected unstable social stratum. Underclass - a phenomenon in the shadow, criminal economy. Prekariat - the phenomenon of countries with legal economy, but concealed part of the revenues from the state. Precarium - representatives of informal wage labor, subjected to deprivation (lack of self-selection and informal employment). Social poliidentichnost: informal employment, mistakenly consider themselves "middle class", but having the status uncertainty. Freelance - lack of stable employment relationship with the employer - "staged integration."

Purpose. A theoretical study of new trends and developments in employment sfre.

Keywords: prekariat, hired labor, stratification, stable employment, formal employment, informal employment, the labor market situation, job security, underclass, deprivation, elite salariat.

 

 

Employment precarization in present-day monotowns of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Alzhanova, N Sh

 

Abstract.

Object. Monotown Kazakhstan in terms of unstable employment.

The subject of the study. In the segment of self-employment is often unstable income. Growing instability increases due to temporary or part-time employment. These categories are subject to precarization, causing loss of sense of security, a sense of community. Losing your job entails the loss of identity. Development of the unemployed distrust, fatigue, apathy, depression, fear. The largest island of the problems in mono. In Kazakhstan, latitude section of the population covered by prekrizatsiyu is 16.8% of the urban population. Precarisation entails the loss of social guarantees and social exclusion.

The Problem. The problem of single-industry towns - is not a problem of a given region, and the question of the existence of Kazakhstan as a civilized state. And it's not so much that they are home to about 17% percent of the urban population of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and that the problems single-industry towns in the most acute form show all distortions in the country's development. For the development of modern society increasingly plays a solution to the problem of employment precarization in mono. In Kazakhstan, the issue is still of importance for both scientific and practical problems. Kazakhstan aims to become a highly developed state, and to achieve this goal the government needs to ensure a balance between labor market flexibility and precarious employment by developing properly aligned priorities and institutions of social policy aimed at achieving high social standards of human development.

Purpose. Development of the project to solve the problem precarization in mono Kazakhstan through achieving a balance between economic and social components of the state's policies.

Keywords: company towns, precarisation, giperprekarizatsiya, self-employment, social exclusion, high-tech jobs washout.

 

 

The Phenomena of Social Injustice and Discrimination in the Field Of Physical Culture and Sports as a Problem of the Quality of Lifein Modern Russia

Grigor’yev, SI, Bolozin, AA

 

Abstract

Object. Forms and methods of social discrimination in the field of physical culture and sports.

Subject of study: patterns and specific manifestations of social discrimination and injustice in the field of physical culture and sports as the processes affecting the quality of life in modern Russia.

The content of the article. In this article the author analyzes the content and the main features of the phenomenon of social injustice and discrimination in the field of physical culture and sports. Characterized by the existence of the factors causing this phenomenon in contemporary Russian sport, the basic methods of unfair competition as a manifestation of injustice in the sport.

Purpose. The essence of social discrimination and social inequality among citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of equal opportunities for physical kulturotsi sports.

Keywords: social discrimination in sport, physical culture, «fair play», sports, the principle of fairness in sport, equality of opportunity, unfair competition, dope, conspiracy, commercial bribery, blackmail, police methods of influence, theft of intellectual property.

 

 

Demographic realities and prospects of regions Far East and Transbaikalia

Motrich, EL, Naiden, SN

 

Abstract

Object. Demographic and socio-economic processes of the Far Votstoka and Trans.

The subject of the study. The article deals with the modern dynamics of the population in the Far East and Trans-Baikal. Analyzes the absolute and relative parameters of migration, the direction and structure of inter-territorial and interstate migration flows. We study the composition, structure and dynamics of income and living standards in the region. Formulated social perspectives and guidelines for population stabilization in the region.

The Purpose. Formation of the complex socio-economic and demographic situation of the Far Votstoka and Trans.

Keywords: population, population shift, productivity of migration, foreign migrants, income(s) of the population, living standard, Far East, Transbaikalia.

 

Women's Labor Migration as a Major Factor of Instability and Labor Precarization

Bogatyreva, MR., Nafikova, GZ.

 

Abstract

The object of study - female labor migration.

Subject of investigation - female labor migration as a factor of precarization and labor instability.

The content of the article. This article discusses the issues of female labor migration, its motives and the impact on demographic and socio-economic development of the state and society. Recently, it was women's labor migration is becoming more common in migration processes.

Empirical information base and research: data Istat- National Institute of Statistics of Italy; the results of the author's sociological study conducted in Italy between May and August 2014 among Russian-speaking labor of migrant women from Russia, Ukraine and Moldova.

The main theoretical and empirical article. One of the main causes of female labor migration is a precarization, which now becomes a large scale.

The Aim. Study of the problems of female labor migration as the main factor precarization and labor instability.

Objectives: a) to analyze the concept of "precarisation" and learn the basic criteria for determining the ratio of a particular group or individual to prekraiatu; b) to investigate the socio-economic and socio-demographic situation of Russian-speaking labor of migrant women in Italy, to study their situation in the sphere of protection of labor and social rights.

Keywords: labor; labor migration; women migrant workers; precarisation; employment; unemployment.

 

Understanding the System of Social and Labor Relations: SFCP–method

Medvedeva, TA.

Abstract

Object. Social and labor relations as a key category of labor economics.

The subject of the study. Complementarity of labor relations in the workplace. The requirements of system logic and some concepts of systems thinking. Self-organized system of social and labor relations (SRT). Reflexivity subjects SRT. The cycle of change management of social and labor relations as a matrix, "meaning - form - content - the process." Social and cultural values of the subjects of social and labor relations. Organizational components and configurations of relations within the organization (hierarchy, subordination, autonomy, disunity, competition, network-cooperation) and STR system. Methods of interactive planning technology-based participation or evaluating research.

The content of the article. In this paper a method of understanding the system of social and labor relations (SRT) as a resource for organizational development. This methodology is based on an extended system approach, as well as on the use of system archetypes. The article (1) clarifies the mechanism of coordination of interests of members of SRT in postindustrial economy; (2) identifies the requirements of the system logic to understand the system STO; (3) describes the SFSP - technique (meaning-form content-process); (4) are examples of cyclic causality in the SRT.

The Aim. Develop a systematic approach to the analysis of social and labor relations.

Keywords: system of social and labor relations; an extended system approach; feedback; system archetypes; complementarity of social and labor relations.

 

About a special assessment of working conditions

Novikov, NN Prokudin, VA, Shiryaeva, IV

 

Abstract

Relevance. Since January 1, 2014 came into force the federal laws of December 28, 2013 № 426-FZ «On the special assessment of working conditions.» If you plan to implement this law, that holding spetsotsenki allow employees to obtain objective information about working conditions in the workplace, give them the right to guarantee compensation and demands to improve working conditions. Through the introduction of labor conditions spetsotsenki authorities should obtain objective information about labor conditions that will make management decisions that encourage employers to improve working conditions and to carry out control functions.

Object. Categories optimal, acceptable, harmful and hazardous work. Regulatory framework assessment and real working conditions in modern organizational and economic conditions of society.

The subject matter. Normative documents of traditional and modern special assessment conditions. Models accounting and valuation categories of work on scales admissibility, harm and danger. Socio-economic guarantees and regulation of labor relations in the context of a specific assessment of working conditions.

Purpose. Improving the adequacy and variable relevance in assessing working conditions, with the possibility of strengthening the socio-economic and legal guarantees for workers in today's society.

Description article. Analysis of baseline development spetsotsenke law on working conditions: problems, approaches and solutions.

  1. Traditionalismestablished approachto provideguarantees and compensationto workers employedin workplaceswith harmful anddangerous working conditions:
  2. a) The abstract and formal traditional approach: a model of universal lists industries, shops, trades and positions with harmful working conditions, work which gives the right to additional leave and shorter working hours;
  3. b) Obsolete «Model Regulation» on the assessment of working conditions at the workplace and the order of application of sectoral lists of jobs in which workers can be installed surcharges for working conditions.
  4. c)Arhaichkostregulatoryand economicmanagement in an environmentwhere the Stateis not the only
  5. 2. In the current situation provided by employers working conditions within the same type of activity may have significant differences:
  6. a) payroll approach does not allow for the differentiation of economic justice costs for both employers and the state;
  7. b) the establishment of admissibility / hazard / danger conditions should be considered depending on their actual degree of harm and danger in specific workplaces, which is significantly greater than previously vary by industry, region, occupation, type of production and contemporary forms of technical sophistication.
  8. 3. Under modern conditions by a different, heterogeneous employers profitable to invest in the improvement of working conditions

Stages of implementation of the law on working conditions spetsotsenke

  1. A) the identification of potentially harmful (dangerous) in the industrial environment and the labor process;
  2. B) declaration of compliance with government regulations of working conditions occupational safety requirements;
  3. V) measurements levels specified factors;
  4. D)distribution ofworking conditionsin the workplace

Depending on the extent of the actual level of VPF standard value harmful working conditions are divided into the following classes: optimal working conditions (class 1); acceptable conditions of work (class 2); harmful working conditions (Grade 3); hazardous working conditions (class 4).

Adopting a more differentiated methods of establishing guarantees and compensations to results of a comprehensive assessment of working conditions

Using the results of a special assessment of working conditions

Setting the size of the additional premiums to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: special assessment; harmful and dangerous working conditions; The conditions of work; labor protection; factors; profession

 

 

Impact of the Progressiveness of the Scale Of Taxation of Income of Individuals on the World Countries Prosperity

Zakharov, VK, Golikova, EI

 

 

Abstract

Object. Welfare indices of world countries are investigated in the paper.

Subject. Along with known initial welfare indices of world countries some new author’s indices are introduced.

Theoretical side of subject. The new initial Index of Progressiveness of the scale of taxation of income of individuals is introduced. Some new summary interval socially-economical indices are introduced, namely: the Multi-Factor Country Prosperity Indices and the Multi-Factor Country Flourishing Indices.

Empirical side of subject. The mentioned initial and summary indices are calculated for the forty main world countries for which it was succeeded to find all necessary initial indices.

Purposes. The first purpose of the paper was to expose a row of socially-economical factors and to reveal their influence on the prosperity and the flourishing of main world countries. The second purpose was to study the influence on the prosperity and the flourishing of countries such factors as: the shower gross internal product, the average monthly salary, Jeanie's coefficient, the public debt, the share of gold in the international reserve assets. The third purpose was to determine the force of functional dependence of the Country Prosperity Indices from the Index of Progressiveness of the scale of taxation of income of individuals by means of calculation of the correlation coefficients.

Principal theoretical and empirical propositions of paper. The analysis of calculated distributions of the main world countries according to the Prosperity Indices and the Flourishing Indices (for 2009–2012) shows that Russia and Brazil have near values of their Indices. And the both countries are almost in all distributions in two most lower decimal parts of intervals of values of the corresponding indices.

Besides, it is showed that there exists positive linear-trend dependence the world countries prosperity from the progressiveness of the scale of taxation of income of individuals. Moreover, by means of calculation of the correlation coefficients it is showed that this linear-trend dependence is substantially linear-functional.

Conclusions. The flat scale of taxation of income of individuals, accepted in Russia, exerts negative influence on the country prosperity. The transition to progressive scale will exert positive influence onto rise of the Russia Prosperity Indices.

Keywords: tax on the income of individuals; shower gross internal product; average monthly salary; Jeanie's coefficient; public debt; share of gold in the international reserve assets; index of progressiveness of the scale of taxation of income of individuals; summary indices of prosperity and flourishing.

 

Expertise of social spending budget at 2015

Rzhanitsyna. L.S.

 

Abstract

Object. The federal budget as an aspect of social policy.

The subject of the study. The volume and quality of social obligations. Distortions in the determination of inflation. The growth of excessive wealth and consumption. Economic inequality. Offshore and capital amnesty. Height payment and cost savings. Draft consolidated budget. Deficits sotsialnogoe insurance. Inequality in the social rights of the population as a result of differences in resources over the territory and refusal to participate in the federal budget provision of social services. Open budget.

The content of the article. Considered the idea of the draft budget for next year in terms of social programs affecting the situation of the population on the basic components and social groups are determined by trends in the observance of social obligations in specific dimensions, including the novella of the financial process, payment for services for beneficiaries, the differentiation of social rights and guarantees , the expansion of openness and transparency, fitness expert fiscal policy at all urovnyah- federal and regional.

Purpose. Examination of the federal budget in the social policy of the state.

Key words: budget, social obligations, social spending, fiscal innovation

 

 

Assessment of Income of the Region's Population and Economic Accessibility of Food (ForExample, Tver Region)

Zabelina, OV.

 

Abstract

This article discusses the level and dynamics of monetary incomes of the Tver region, income differentiation and the problem of poverty in relation to the assessment of the dynamics and structure of consumer spending, including food expenditure.

The object of study: cash income and consumer spending, including spending on food of the population of one of the Russian regions - Tver region.

Subject of study: the problem of economic access to food in relation to the problems of poverty and high income differentiation of the population in the context of solving the problem of food security in the region under study.

Theoretical part: Affordability of food to the population - a component of food security of the country and its regions. It reflects the distribution of available food on the market between different population groups in money income. Ways of increasing economic access to food - scaling up the food market and food supply; State control of rising food prices; implementation of the policy of increasing incomes of the population and poverty reduction.

The empirical part: an empirical study based on official statistics in the Tver region for 2005-2012gg.. There was a trend to an increase in nominal and real incomes of the Tver region, but the average per capita income is lower than in neighboring areas, the national average and the CFA. The positive fact is that incomes are growing at a faster pace than expenses. The poverty rate in comparison with other subjects CFD above and is 11.4%; it had virtually no effect overall income growth in recent years. The level of differentiation of the region's population income is very high and kept at the same level for a long time, which leads to inefficient allocation of resources and social tensions. The Gini coefficient in 2012 was equal to 0.366 (threshold value 0.400), the coefficient of funds - 11.2 (recommended value 8-10). In the structure of consumer spending share of food expenditure in 2012 was about 35% (up 6% higher than the average in the Central Federal District and higher than the national average, 9%). Russia, in turn, occupies only 29th place on this indicator in Europe, indicating that a high proportion of expenditure on food. Estimated minimum level of income per capita, providing the full scope of affordability of food, with the share of the cost of its acquisition of no more than 35%, equal to 12,600 rubles., Which is higher than the subsistence minimum in 2 times. On the basis of this calculation, it was concluded that for 44.1% of the population have serious problems with economic access to food.

Purpose: Formation of a complex pattern of depth and magnitude of the problem of availability of food to the population studied region by calculating the minimum level of income per capita, providing affordability of the total volume of food when prevailing in the region share the cost of its acquisition.

Key words: monetary incomes of the population; differentiation of the population; poverty; consumption; expenditure on food; economic accessibility of food.

 

The Impact of the Organization on the Physical Health and Psychosocial Well-Being of Employees of Russian and Czech Companies: a Comparative Analysis

Dvořák, Z., Fedorova, AE

 

Abstract

Object. Institutional environment in the psycho-physical health.

The subject of the study. The concept of a toxic workplace. Stressors of the workplace and organizational environment. The role of economic factors and social and labor relations in the changing health and assessing the level and quality of life.

The content of the article. The concept of a toxic workplace is based on the existing research on the subject and suggests that the organizational environment can have a destructive impact on the workers. A number of researchers examines the various causes of stress in the workplace, study factors reduce the health and welfare of workers. Some of them believe that the trend of deterioration in the health of employees and reduce their quality of life is largely due to the increase in wage inequality, uncertainty and job insecurity. There have been allegations that even one toxic workplace organization can cost significant medical expenses lead to absenteeism, decreased productivity and profits, as well as costs associated with the judicial process, initiated by the victims as a result of the negative impact of a toxic work environment. Article aims to highlight different aspects of toxic workplaces, as well as the results of a study of this phenomenon by using a survey of employees conducted by the authors on the Russian and Czech companies.

Purpose. Building bridges between the organizational environment, economic, social and labor relations to the level of health and quality of life.

Keywords: toxic workplace, physical and psychosocial health, health in the workplace, quality of life.

 

 

Social efficiency of the housing utilities sphere

Grishanov, VI, Schneiderman, IM

 

Abstract

Relevance. Utility services are an important component of quality of life. Socially significant problem is how to make the current pay for the services available to households with the lowest incomes. Insufficient attention to issues of social efficiency of housing and communal services, contrary to the paramount task Utilities - satisfy the interests of consumers, ensure the availability of these services to all segments of the population.

Object. The object of research by the authors selected system utilities, housing and communal services for households with different income levels in the regional context.

Subject of the study. The subject of the study was to investigate the important not so much economic as social problems in the housing sector, which consists in how to comply with the optimum balance between paying public utility services and actual costs of utilities, providing relevant services to the population.

Purpose. Improving social and economic efficiency of housing and public utilities as a basis for ulchsheny housing policy.

The main provisions of the article.

The relative reduction in fees for housing services for the population due mainly to the modernization of the supply of these services. In the article focuses on one of the important directions of modernization - the introduction of resource-and energy-saving technologies in the field of housing.

Using data from the Federal State Statistics Service, the authors construct a typology of Russian regions in terms of accessibility for the public utility services and the degree of economic and social effectiveness of measures to modernize utilities. The authors offer a guaranteed minimum set of social housing services, provided by state law for all citizens, with the aim of reducing the share of household expenditure on housing and utility payments in total expenditure, considering it as one of the strategic areas of housing policy.

Key words: housing utilities, economical and social efficiency, modernization, affordability, households, tenants.

 

Cultural-historical type Cossacks

Artamonova, MG

 

Abstract

Object. Socio-cultural traditions, way of life, a way of life of the Cossacks, established in history and formed during regeneration.

The subject of the study. Sociological problems of formation of cultural tradition and cultural-historical type Cossacks.

The main problems: Formation passionate mission. Intercultural communication. External and internal elements of Cossack culture. Ritual of the Cossack circle. Family relations. Moral principles. Sacred relation to the Power on its characters and military service. Sacred relation to the Cossack brotherhood. Christian values. The organizational culture of the Cossacks. Development Strategy of the Russian Cossacks to 2020.

Purpose. Identify the main characteristics of the cultural-historical type (NY Danilevsky) Cossacks as a special kind of Russian cultural-historical type.

Keywords: passionate mission, intercultural communication, transcultural layers, organizational culture, management of mechanical structure, linear-functional management structure, divisional management structure, the organic structure of the organization management.

 

 

 

2015; № 2

The Labor Market or the Market of Unemployment?

(Interview Doctor of Economics, Professor NA Volgina channel ORT)

Volgin, NA

 

Abstract

Object. The labour market in Russia under the terms of socioeconomic instability and risks.

Subject. The labour market and the problem of internal migration. A specific Russian phenomenon: the growth of jobs when unemployment rises. The task of building an effective system of personnel rotation. Labour migration in terms of crisis as a cyclical phenomenon. Strategy formation of «flexible labour» as a form of social and labour protection of the population under the terms of instability and risks. Developing programs of professional retraining staff. Psychological and economic motivators of employment with flexible change of prestigious and undervalued work in a company under the terms of total of instability.

Purpose. Determination of the effective ways and strategic lines of social policy in the field of labour economics.

Keywords: labour economics, social policy, the State Employment Service, registered unemployment, full unemployment, internal migration, the system of personnel rotation, flexible workforce programs of professional retraining.

 

The Alienation of Labour and Precarious Employment of Workers

Kuznetsovа, AP

Abstract

Object. Labour relations and forms of employment.

The Subject of the Study. The process of alienation of labour. precarious employment.

Orientation of the Article. The article is devoted to identifying the place and role of precarious employment as the next step in the development of capitalist form of property through change in employment patterns, structure and division of labour, the relation of the social form of labour and direct labour, which further shows the growing alienation of labour through precarious employment.

Keywords: property, the structure of the labour functions, the social form of labour, the dual nature of labour, forms of collective property in bourgeois production, the alienation of labour.

 

 

Employment: Preventing the Negative Consequences of Layoffs

Kartashova, LV

 

Abstract.

Relevance. None of the countries engaged in the course of market reforms and transformations, has escaped the growing number of unemployed and forced to lose their jobs. In the context of global competition and the rise of economic crisis this problem is even more acute. Russia is no exception to the general rule.

Object. The process of reducing personnel and social policy of the state and subjects of economic activities.

Subject of the Study. Optimizing the processes of layoffs as a balance between tactical and strategic goals and objectives in the context of economic viability and social justice. Target increasing the efficiency of labour and economic activities. State policy on development of the professional environment of enterprises, and rendering assistance to them, and small and medium enterprises in the development of personnel, socioeconomic guarantees and linking these tasks with the goals of raising productivity.

The Essence of the Approach. Productive alternatives to reducing personnel, personnel development programs, objectifying of the criteria for selection of candidates for release and criteria for qualification, secure and development of existing efficient staff.

Orientation of the Article. Reduction of personnel as one of the most complicated and demanding areas of personnel decisions. It covers a wide range of issues: economic, organizational, legal, social, psychological and ethical. We concider a system of measures to prevent unjustified dismissals, possible alternatives to reducing personnel, measures to support redundant workers and to create conditions for increasing the labour efficiency of those who remains to work at the enterprise.

The Aim. Counter Productive managing counter processes: the reduction of personnel and its development in the process of developing the level of efficiency of labour and economic activities.

Keywords: staff reductions, labour efficiency, productivity, social policy, labour relations, personnel selection criteria.

 

Problems of Labor Migration in Russia and Their Solutions

Neterebsky, OV

 

Abstract

Object of the Study. The labour migration in the Russian Federation, in Moscow in particular.

Subject of the Study. Changing the legal framework and procedures regulating foreign labour (IRS) in the past 25 years.

Purpose of the Study. Identifying trends and root causes changes of regulations to attract foreign labour, giving examples of good practice work and proposing on the basis of them adjustments to the existing order to attract foreign labour.

Result of the Study. The basic causes and interests in changing the legal and regulatory framework regulating migration in the Russian Federation have been revealed. Implications for the labour market of Russia and Moscow have been formulated, in particular, reordering attracting the foreign labour at both the federal and regional level in the specified time period, including during the periods of the greatest tension in the labour market («crisis» periods).

A good practice of regional experience in the regulation of migration processes in the period granted to the regions rights and explored future trends and causes of reducing the rights of regions in the regulation of migration have been analized. The analysis of the shortcomings of the recent innovations migration legislation have been given and measures identified for the application of good practices used in past periods for the purpose of priority employment of domestic labour resources and, at a minimum, equal fiscal payments payroll for employers of domestic and foreign labour.

Keywords: labour market, labour migration, employment, foreign labour, legal regulation of labour migration, the state employment policy

 

The Problem of Classifying Methods of the State Regulation of Urban Employment

Ryabov, MS

 

Abstract.

Object. The object of the study is the urban population of the Russian Federation

Subject of the Study. The subject of study is methods of regulating the employment of urban population. The subject is explored from a theoretical point through the analysis of domestic and foreign sources with the purpose of executing the analysis of the aggregate of methods of regulating the employment of urban population.

Purpose. The primary purpose of research is to execute systematization of methods of regulating the employment of urban population.

Theoretical Description of the Article. The problem aspects of regulating the labour-market of urban population are analysed. It is grounded that in the basis of choosing one or another facilities of regulating the market of labour resources not only forms of intervention from the state in activity of market subjects must be fixed but also the analysis, and the prognosis of situation at the market of labour, determining the degree of advantage of each of facilities, estimating the consequences of their use.

Results. Classification of methods of government control of the employment of urban population is offered .

Keywords: methods of government control, urban population, employment, labour market, unemployment

 

 

Inequality, Economic Growth, Development

Golubev VS

 

Abstract

Object. Socioeconomic relations

Subject of the Study. The basic principles of economic growth and «strategy of recovering from the crisis» (Buzgalin, Traub-Merz, Voyeykov) in terms of income inequality.

Problem. Inequality and economic growth. The problem is considered primarily within the social democratic paradigm of income redistribution.

Principles of the Analysis. Society for Human Development is sociohumanism as harmonic synthesis of capitalism and socialism. According to the teaching of social humanism poverty, inequality and abnormal wealth are anti-evolutionary the phenomena. Contradictions of capitalism are settled in a sociohumanitarian state.

Result. The analysis is given from the position of the social doctrine of humanism, trialektics and the system theory of capital. The necessity of transition to a socially-oriented development, where freedom and justice are complementary is well-reasoned. The article provides a survey of approaches to ways of solving problems. Reducing inequality associated with an increase in human capital is given in a number of works.

Keywords: development, inequality, economic growth, freedom, justice, sociohumanism.

 

 

Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Wage System in State (Municipal) Institutions: Experience of the Expert Study and the Procedure

Volgin, NA, Demidov, IF

 

Abstract

Object. Wage system in state and municipal institutions. The object of study included 32 health care, culture and education organizations.

Subject. The article presents the results of a research project commissioned by the Research Financial Institute (NIFI) on the topic: «Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Wage System in the State (Municipal) Institutions», with the task of building an effective procedure.

Purpose. Forming methods of an effective wage system in state and municipal institutions.

Keywords: wage systems; an efficiency wages formula; calculation rate of the efficiency wage; parameters of federal standards; parameters of industry standards; budgetary institutions; government institutions; municipal institutions.

 

Sociohistorical Aspect of Profitability of Human Capital in Russia

Ovsyannikov, AS

 

Abstract.

Subject of the Study. Human capital.

The Empirical side of the Subject is based on the Rosstat data processing on the level of education and wages in all the regions of the Russian Federation.

Theoretical Positions. The main theoretical aspects of the article are related to the identification of institutional factors leading to low profitability of human capital in Russia today.

Purpose of the work. Studying the influence of institutional conditions on profitability of human capital.

Result. The article presents the results of a studying profitability of human capital depending on the level of education in various regions of Russia.

Keywords: human capital, education, asсetiсism, equal pay, shadow economy, bureaucracy

 

 

Regional Aspects of Profitability of Human Capital in Russia

Ovsyannikov, AS

 

Abstract

The Object of the Study. Profitability of human capital.

The Empirical Side of the Subject is based on the Rosstat data processing on the level of education and wages in all regions of the Russian Federation.

Purpose of the work. Studying regional factors affecting the profitability of human capital. The problems of poverty in contemporary Russia have been considered.

Result. The article presents the results of studying profitability of human capital depending on the level of education in various regions of Russia.

Keywords: human capital profitability, education, equal pay, regions of Russia, poverty problems.

 

Gender Differences in Stimulating Innovative Components of Human Capital by the Labour Market

Troitskaya A.А.

 

Abstract

Relevance. The article is based on the author’s social survey investigation data obtained in 2010-2011.  It reveals which components of human capital characterizing innovative potential of the worker bring him(her) an additional reward in the regional labour market, and which of them are undervalued; what are the differences in such additional reward of men and women and the possible reasons of these differences. The results indicate that the differences in the different cases can be in favour of not only men but also women.

Object of the Research:Enterprisesof the Nizhniy NovgorodRegion.

Subject of the Research: Relationship between the wages of male and female employees in the region, and innovative components of their human capital.

Theoretical aspect of the Subject: Concept and essence of innovative components of human capital and gender inequality in income. The practical aspect of the subject: differences in wages of corporate employees in the Nizhniy Novgorod region depending on the performance of three components of their human capital classified as innovative.

Purpose of the Research Investigating the differences between men and women in reward that Russian labor market gives to innovative components of their human capital and identifying the possible reasons of these differences.

Main Theoretical and Empirical concepts:

  1. 1. Human capital of an employee (micro level) and organizations (meso level) contains the components that can be defined as innovative. Some of them bring additional income to the owners and thus their development and use is stimulated by the labour market, the others are not evaluated and rewarded properly.

2 Stimulating innovative components of human capital by the labor market has the distinction among male and female workers. The examples studied have shown that on average women have these qualities have much less and their wages are lower, but the presence of such components on average brings more additional income to women than to men.

Keywords: human capital; an innovative component; qualification; mobility; wages; stimulation.

 

Evaluation of Labour Relations in the Scandinavian Countries and Russia

Kirichenko DV

 

Abstract

Relevance. The article deals with the labour relations in the Russian Federation, and the problematic points compared to the labour relations in the Scandinavian countries, as those leading in living standards and regulating of labour relations.

Object. Labour relations in Russia, Sweden and Finland.

Subject of the Study. Cross-cultural and socioeconomic differences in regulating social and labour relations in Russia and the Scandinavian countries of the European Union.

Purpose of the Research. The main purpose of the publication is the author's desire to show the positive experience of the Scandinavian countries in regulating labour relations and its application in Russia.

Result. The social and legal aspects of the positive experience in regulating labour relations in the Scandinavian countries that could be adapted to Russian society, enterprises, organizations, companies and managers of social and labour relations within their competence.

Keywords: a labour contract, labour relations, labour relations actors, labour legislation, stages of labour relations.

 

 

The Objects of Inter-regional Competition in the Formation of the Reproductive Potential of the Regions

Akhunov, RR

 

Abstract.

Object of the Study. Regions, subjects of the Russian Federation.

Subject of the Study. Economic relations between the regions formed in the process of inter-regional competition.

Theoretical and Practical Problems. The mechanism of inter-regional competition for private investment is based on the adaptation of the region to systematic factors (specified outside the region) and its active influence on non-systematic factors (amenable to by the regional authorities). Contemporary features of competing regions are considered with respect to competition. Mechanism of inter-regional competition for federal resources in the Russian Federation in the form of regional grants on a competitive basis for the creation and maintenance of innovative regional clusters have been studied.

Main Theoretical Aspects of the Article. One area of ​​competition in the region is developing and maintaining the most favourable conditions, factors (business environment) for businesses already deployed in the region and attracting potential businesses. Social factors are very important in the competition between regions for involving people.

Purpose of the Article Exploring the main objects of inter-regional competition which are the carriers and sources of increasing the reproductive potential of the region.

Keywords. a region, interregional competition, businesses, population, investment, federal funds.

 

 

Regulation of Social and Labor Relations Business System Industry Russian

(Questions of Theory and Corporate Practice)

Soldatenkov, AI

 

Abstract

The subject of the study. The regulation of the social and labor relations of industrial business systems of Russia, their contents from the point of view of the theory, and corporate practice is disclosed.

Results. The essence of business systems and priorities of this regulation, new approaches of their planning, the increase of interest and responsibility, and also the increase of corporate culture and efficiency in Severstal public corporation are given. At last, regulation consequences such as the development of the competition and rivalry, distribution of an industrial know-how, formation of modern financial economic mentality of business systems employees and expansion of participation in management of the social and labor relations of the industrial enterprises are presented.

Keywords: the business system, social and labor relations, regulation of the social and labor relations of business systems (SLRBS) of the industry, safety of work, people of "Severstal", continuous improvement, customers focus, business standard.

 

 

Monitoring Income and Living Standards (1st quarter 2015)

Bobkov, VN, Gulyugina, AA

 

Abstract.

Relevance. Monitoring of income and living standards of the Russian population has been carried out in the All-Russia Centre of Living Standard PLC for more than 15 years. It is based on an interconnected system of socio-economic indicators including the use of specific indicators developed at the Centre.

Object. Incomes and living standards of the Russian population.

Subject of the Study. Dynamics of change in consumer prices for goods and services market in Q1 2015. Subsistence minimum in the face of rising cost of food basket in Q1 2015 compared with Q1 2014. Regional differences in the subsistence minimum. Reducing consumption and the average per capita budget. The ratio of the growth rate of pensions to wage growth. Dynamics of subsistence minimum, cash income and purchasing power of the population. Structure and level of expenditure. Consumer spending.

The analytical part of the study. The purchasing power of consumer spending. Grouping the subjects of the Russian Federation on the level of purchasing power of money income. Cash income: comparative characteristics by federal districts. Socioeconomic differentiation of population in the group stratification: the poor, low income, below medium income, relatively wealthy, wealthy and rich.

Concentration of cash income in the «non-poor» group with per capita incomes above 3-subsistence levels. Differentiation of wage levels, in federal districts. Differentiation of wages by groups of workers with different wages in relation to the size of the subsistence minimum of the population.

Purpose. Formating an economic and statistical pattern of living standard and quality of life, taking into account regional differences in different categories of socioeconomic stratification.

Result. The result of monitoring is digital and analytical information obtained through the methods of economic and statistical analysis for Russia as a whole, and by federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: incomes, differentiation, wages, monitoring, purchasing capacity, a consumer budget, consumer spending, subsistence minimum, stratification, a federal district, a subject, a living standard, tendencies (trends).

 

 

The Quality of Living Standards in the General Nature of the Activity

Prykin, BV, Prykina A V.

 

Abstract:

Object. The living standard as an integral phenomenon of socionatural and sociocultural factors.

Subject of the Study. The life cycle of human synergetic system of social and biological in its own nature and synergetic society and nature.

Main Problems. The synergetic problem between social and biological nature of man. The synergetic sociocultural world of society and the natural habitat as a condition of human reproduction, and as the basis of economic resources. Distortion of unity in the man-nature system in human activities. Socionatural dissonance as fundamental conflicts. The origin of the crisis as a consequence of the mismatch of human activity with the activities of nature. Distortion in the reflection of the relationship between the level of social consciousness and methods of conformity to the system of human activities and nature

Solutions to Problems. Application of partial accounting effects of human performance in the ascending cycle of nature. The ability to use universal energy meter system to assess the quality level of a person's life. Ways of resolving the socionatural crises. The level of public awareness as to prejudge the possibility of obtaining the required quality level of a person's life.

Analytical Part of the study. The possibilities of improving the methods of assessing the quality level of a person's life with the transition from a fragmented to a system options analysis; from conventional money for universal energy commensurator; from the results of the only man to the combined result of his activities with nature and adequaty of social consciousness.

Keywords: system, self-organization, self-preservation, conformation, quality of living standards, a life cycle, energy, work, social consciousness.

 

 

«Travelling maps» as instrument of social budget

Babich, AM

 

Abstract

Relevance. Social workers perform most socially important and constantly demanded job: bear personal responsibility for life and health, children's education, cultural education, assistance to needy citizens. Human development - a key indicator of the social policy of the state institutions at the federal and regional level.

Object. Health care system as an object of social policy in the development of human potential.

The subject matter. Specificities and regional characteristics of quality of life. Public health as one of the most important indicators of quality of life and human development. Regional health system. Regional health development programs and «road maps» for its improvement and optimization. «Road map» as an economic category, reflecting the totality of relations in the social sphere on the provision of public and municipal services at the federal, regional and municipal level.

Purpose. Formation of an effective health care system in the social, economic, organizational and practical aspects of functioning.

Theoretical analysis. «Road map» designed to lag - five years. During this period should be provided the transition to financial planning and health care payment on a uniform system of clinical and statistical groups, thus eliminating the standards of care. At the same time completely eliminated the old forms of payment for gross figures - bed and visiting day, leading to inefficient spending on the health care system. At the federal level designed twelve state programs under the title «A new quality of life». Program of state guarantees the provision of free medical care to citizens includes modernization of a number of conditions:

  • standardvolume of medical carein a hospitalis calculatedon the basis ofa single case ofhospitalization;
  • introduction into circulationaveraged indexstandardvolume of medicalrehabilitationprogramfor basicMLA;
  • plannedgradualreduction of expenses formedical carein a hospitalwith an increasein expenditures formedical careoutside of health facilities;
  • development offorms, methods andtechniquesof state controlthe quality of services;
  • develop a mechanismand forms ofpublic oversight;
  • introduction of the institutionof social control, expressed in theopinionsof patientsregisteredon the work ofrelevant institutions;
  • included in themethodology for assessingcompliance withthe qualityof public servicesactuallyapprovedquality standardsinthe context of eachregion;
  • establishmentaveragewagesof nurses, at the level ofthe averagemonthly wage for therespective region.
  • increasethe wages of workerswith higher educationby 2018to two times theaverage salary in thesubject of the Russian Federation.

Key words: health, social policy, human potential, roadmaps, social sphere.

 

 

Social Economy and the Moral Economics as Alternative Development of the Russian Society Based on the Sociohistorical Evolution

Grigor’iev, SI., Kolokoltsev, MG. Kolokoltseva, NU.

 

Abstract

Relevance. This article analyzes the specific socio-economic development of the Russian society.

Subject. The article reveals the originality of the Russian national economic process. The authors analyze the national characteristics of the principles of managing public relations. The process of forming private property in the 19th century proved to be very specific. In this regard the features of the emergence of capitalism in Russia in the 19th century are considered.

Task Setting. The researchers define the concept of social economy and moral development of the economies as an alternative to traditional consumer spontaneously-exploitative social order.

Keywords: social economy, social effectiveness, moral economics, private property, labour property, social property, a classless structure, a community, self-organization, solidarity, a tradition, morality.

 

 

On the Concept of Human Development

Litvinov VA

 

Abctract

Relevance. The article deals with problems of human development, human rights and security of the person. The author states that economic growth alone is not able to ensure a fair distribution of resources. Practice has shown that human conditions can deteriorate even in developing production. A significant increase in quality of life cannot be achieved without implementing large-scale social programs.

Object. Resources of the quality of human development. Models making up a deficiency of material and nonmaterial resources, models of reproduction and development of the main factors of human life, enshrined in his sociocultural nature and living environment.

Subject of the Study. The concept of human development as the United Nations Programme. Focusing on the volume of production and material well-being as a conceptual mistake. Overcoming poverty as a social problem, but not the purpose of civilization; it is a means and not an aim. The concept of "expanding human choices." The liberal vision: economic resources plus an increase in resources of health, longevity and access to knowledge. The principles of equality of economic opportunity, stability in terms of welfare of future generations, empowerment through the development of potential abilities of human beings.

Solutions to Problems. Range of social programs to improve the quality and living standards.

Keywords: human development; security of person; economic growth; quality of life.

 

 

Education and Personnel: the Strategic Direction of the Effective Economic Recovery

Gurtov VK

 

Abstract

Relevance. Today, when there is an active search and change of energy sources, media and communications, all countries appear to have to change the next technological order, which is to determine the direction of the development of humanity in the 19th century. According to George Porter the former president of the Royal Society, actively supported by scientists around the world, the development of world civilization is associated primarily with the development of science.

Task. Russia faces a a very complicated task: making an urgent large-scale modernization of the country's infrastructure, including industrial production, energy, transport and housing on the background of dramatic geopolitical transformations, the global financial crisis and critical to the national economy of falling oil prices, under all sorts of declared and undeclared sanctions by the more technologically developed countries.

Purpose. It is necessary to make a technological transformation of the basic industries: aerospace, shipbuilding, motor-car industry, metallurgy, mining.

Keywords: innovative educational projects, scientific progress, education, training personnel of contemporary standard of knowledge, the teacher professional standard, applied and academic baccalaureate, the federal state educational standard, the International Council for Science, distance education technologies.

 

 

Propaganda + shock: Dangerous consequences mediacracy in society

On the example of geopolitical US war against Russia, with emphasis on the role of Germany and Ukraine

Yana Milev

 

Abstrtact

Object. Anti-Russian propaganda European media policy.

The subject of the study. Geopolitical and economic goals of anti-Russian propaganda policy. Psycho-social means of information warfare. Plan "de-Russification" of Ukraine. Activities of social networks and independent journalists and kontropropagandistskom direction as the desire for objectification information. The strategy of economic and political shocks. Mediacracy narratives. Prekaritet as a term referring to labor relations, social conditions, personal integrity, and the perception of the living space of the subject.

The Aim. Sociological and socio-psychological analysis of the purposes and means of information warfare the US and the EU against Russia.

Keywords: shock strategy of information warfare, propaganda geopolitical, social networks, narratives mediokratii.

 

 

Tribal Affiliation As an Attribute of Ethnic Identity of Métis

Darovskih O.V.

 

Abstract.

Relevance. Ethno-demographic situation in Russia associated with the formation of new compactly living ethnic communities which leads to intense cross-breeding population, especially in multi-ethnic regions.

Object. Interethnic relations generic structure to the ethnic Métis.

Subject of the Study. Identification and subidentification indicators of ethnocultural community. The hierarchical structure of ethnic identity: primordialism components (kinship origin) and sociocultural elements in identification. Installation emotional-motivational and cognitive representation of ethnic origin, values ​​and ideals, the images of identity ethnospecific picture of the world as identification indicators.

Orientation of the Article. The multilayer Altay ethnic consciousness and the impact of generic status of the parents, especially of his(her) father, on the ethnic identity of Métis are considered. It has been concluded that the Métis of the Russian Altay origin perceive gender as an ethnos belonging attribute.

Keywords: gender, ethnic conscious, ethnic identity, mentality, Métis.

 

 

 

2015;№ 3

Resolution «Roundtable»

Bobkov, VN, Subetto, AI

Russia needs an exit strategy from the system crash and changing economic, scientific, educational and technological policy. It is necessary to proceed from the goal of becoming a scientific and educational society in which education - is the basis of spiritual and material basis of reproduction, and science - the productive power and the power management mechanisms that take on the role and development of the noosphere-driven economy. First Steps - a recovery in the new quality-based Institute of the State Planning in the medium and long term horizons and the transition to the management strategy of scientific and technological development on the basis of "priority development areas".

The educational policy for a moratorium on any reforms associated with the reduction of an effective network with the existing high school and developing scientific - educational schools.

Pay attention to the state authorities, business - associations and the need to expand in the state educational standards and philosophical study of science education, and the economy of the Russian language as a labor-led transformation of the nature of man and his formation of noosphere thinking. Support the development of scientific and pedagogical schools noospheric education in Russia.

Pay attention to the need for a theoretical reflection on the bases of the economic theory of the development of Russia based on the current law of energy cost and its specific laws of civilized development, including the regionalization of the productive forces and the accompanying development of regional research - educational complexes.

Enter a state monopoly on currency issue built into accountancy. An issue of the state in the form of charges for the cost of all legal entities. In sum, all charges should be equal to the GDP. Growth rates of issued money should be approximately equal to the growth rate of energy consumption in the economy. All issued thus non-cash money in the current year should make the state budget next year. State monopoly on monetary creation should be protected by law. Any attempt to privatize the money issue should be treated as high treason.

 

 

 

Plekhanov Russian University of Economics International Research Conference “Labor and Society in XXI Century. Labor Market and Employment Models: Human Resource Management and Social Relations” Moscow, April th 10, 2015

“Go Structural” (1)

Considerations on key open questions in the employment and labor policies

Ricceri M.

Abstract

Employment issues are more and more a priority in the agenda of the international meetings (G20) and institutions. There is a general awareness that policies and actions on the topic have not to be strictly limited to the best functioning of the labor market structures, but have to be linked to the policies addressing all the main changing factors of our contemporary societies. "Go structural” is the key recommendation (OECD, 2012). In some respects, this awareness and approach, as well as the related commitments, mostly emerged in the recent hard times, represent a novelty which requires, among other things, a convergence of different scientific discipline, a shared theoretical vision and interpretative methodology of the current changing processes. In this condition the scientific community has the opportunity to give a proper contribution to a sustainable and balanced progress of the society by verifying the elements and the stage of this convergence. To this aim the Author highlights the importance to adopt a systemic approach in the analysis, to refer to the post-industrial society model, to clarify the implications of a structural crisis.

Particularly challenging for the scientific community are the open problems dealing with the need of new economic policies, new relationship between quality and quantity in the development processes, new welfare systems; and, for what concerns specifically the labor policies, the indications to elaborate with reference to three main strategic issues: flexibility, skills and competences, monitoring and the relations to build between Information, Communication, Knowledge, Decisions and Action. The advices as well as the questions presented in the article open the way to possible, new research activities.

 

 

Work in the Age of Social Uncertainty:10 Theses and Counter-Strategies

Sieg, A

Abstract

In my report I want to present 10 Theses on the Future Work in the 21st century. For each hypothesis, a proposal of how to react to this development will be offered.

My examples are related mainly to societies in Western Europe, who are the ones most involved in the rapid development of global capitalism. However, we suppose that the presented evolutions and issues in the foreseeable future will occur worldwide.

My overarching assumption is that over the next few years the tendencies of social uncertainty and social inequality - caused by the globalized and digitized capitalism - will increase radically.

My contribution is committed to the method of Horkheimer / Adorno of classical critical theory, what means to analyze actual states and to propagate - even utopian - target states.

Keywords: precarity, social uncertainty, work, technological progress, knowledge, social pathologies, exclusion

 

 

 

 

 

Employment Crisis or Crisis of Employment

Herrmann, P

Abstract

That we are facing an employment crisis cannot be doubted – and it is equally unquestionable that we are confronted with the simple necessity of ‘creating jobs’. It is also without any doubt that we need to look at employment issues as matter of ‘social security’.

However, looking at precarity in the context of the overall political-economic development of national and global economy, urges us to shift attention towards understanding the crisis as one of a macro-economic model that is founded in employment.

In this light, the presentation will outline some considerations on major changes.

 

 

Benefits In The Russian Far North: To Be, Or Not To Be

Yelizarov, VV, Dmitriyev, RV, Yefremov, IA

 

Abstract

The Object of the Study is the regions of the Russian Far North and its equivalent areas (hereinafter the Russian Far North).

The Subject of the Study is the system of regional wage coefficients and northern allowances applicable within their boundaries. The theoretical aspect of the subject – approaches for the determination of physiological and economic costs for required living standards in the Russian Far North. The empirical side of the subject – indices describing the living conditions in the Russian Far North.

The Purpose of the Study is to substantiate a structure and functioning mechanism of territorial benefits taking into account the historical features and contemporary economic and demographic trends.

Basic Theoretical and Empirical Theses:

1) introducing northern benefits had for its objects firstly, to compensate for difficult local conditions (primarily climatic) and secondly to encourage labour inflows from other regions of the USSR;

2) the system of northern allowances initially intended to compensate for difficult living conditions, whereas the regional wage coefficients had a function of difficult working conditions compensation;

3) the cancellation of these benefits could lead to a significant decline in the standard of living in the Russian Far North, especially its non-raw-material regions;

4) it is necessary to analyze in detail natural conditions and resources of the Russian regions for renovating the existing benefit system and probable changes in the Russian Far North boundaries (with the active participation of both economic geographers and demographers and experts on living standards and social policy). For this reason we need, among other things, to update the socioeconomic information on the higher benefit rated enclaves within the Russian Far North territories;

5) the new scheme of "bonus" indicators may have a unified coefficient as a foundation. It will take into account both living and working conditions of the population without losing the functions of more expensive living compensation and encouragement of immigration.

Keywords: regions of the Russian Far North and its equivalent areas;; the standard of living of the population; population dynamics of the regional population policies; territorial benefits; a district coefficient; a «Severnaya» allowance; average wages; the subsistence minimum; fertility; life expectancy.

 

 

Employment Iimmigration: Scope and Consequences

Rybakovskiy, LL

Abstract

The article substantiates the concept of “labour immigrants”, and their place in the diversity of all other types and forms of migration. The prevalence of this type of employment of foreign labour in the world, its magnitude in Russia has been shown. Factors giving rise to immigration and the situation in their use and its consequences for the country have been analyzed.

Keywords: labour immigrants, labour productivity, wages, labour market, determinants of labour immigration.

 

 

Demographic Movement of Post-Soviet Russia Regions

Rybakovskiy, OL, Sudoplatova, VS, Tayunova, OA

 

Abstract

Using a new indicator, coefficient of demographic movement of population, analysis of population dynamics of the regions of post-Soviet Russia is held. This indicator compares in the relative form two differently directed processes. One of them includes mortality and emigration, and leads to the population decay. Another process, including fertility and immigration leads to its growth. The result of the analysis has been the selection of those typical groups differing on the nature and structure of the total population growth for the period of 1993-2013.

Keywords: the components of population dynamics, coefficient of depopulation, coefficient of efficiency of migration ties, coefficient of demographic movement of population.

 

 

Earned Income Differentiation between Immigrants and Native Workers on the Russian Labour Market

 

Smirnykh, LI, Polyakova, YeYu

Abstract

Object. Foreign immigrants and native workers on the Russian labour market.

Subject. Differentiation of earned income between foreign immigrants and native workers.

The Theoretical Aspect of the Subject. The study is based on the provisions of the theory of discrimination, according to which the labour income of workers with the same performance characteristics may vary. The reasons for the differences can be due to the prejudice of employers in respect of certain types of workers in the segregation of jobs and others. In this paper we consider what contribution discrimination is making to the inequality of labour income between foreign immigrants and local workers irrespective of its causes.

The Empirical Aspect of the Subject. The study was performed on data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Health HSE (RLMS) for 2004-2012. For the first time data criteria were developed for determining the category of foreign immigrants and their number was calculated for the Russian labour market. To assess disparities in labour earnings between immigrants and native workers the method of decomposition of Oaxaca-Blinder has been used. The estimates were made on average over the whole period, as well as taking into account fluctuations in demand in times of economic cycles: pre-crisis period (2004-2007), during the crisis (2008-2009) and after the crisis period (2010-2012).

Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to calculate the contribution of observable and unobservable factors in the inequality of labour income on the basis of Oksaki-Blinder decomposition method and determine the size and reasons for the differences in labor income between foreign immigrants and native workers.

Basic Theoretical and Empirical Aspects of the Article. The results have shown that the labour incomes of the foreign immigrant on the Russian labour market are on average 15% lower than the labour incomes of native workers. This inequality in labour income increases during the economic crisis (21%) and decreased in non-crisis years (11-13 %%).

Differentiation in labour earnings between immigrants and foreign national workers reduces on the Russian labour market due to the observed sociodemographic characteristics of workers, but increases due to factors that are associated with discrimination. Due to the dominance of the discriminatory effect against foreign immigrants their incomes lag behind in terms of the labour income of local workers. The contribution of discrimination in labour income inequality between foreign immigrants and native workers decreased during the economic crisis, but after its completion it has increased again.

The findings show that the level of inequality of labour income between foreign immigrants and native workers on the Russian labour market is similar to those of the labour markets in some European countries (Germany, Portugal). At the same time factors related to discrimination in Russia have a greater impact on inequality in labour income than in Europe.

Conclusions. It has been found that inequality in labour earnings between foreign immigrants and native workers on the Russian labour market has been caused not so much by differences in their sociodemographic characteristics as by the factors that are associated with discrimination against workers. Under the conditions of the shortage of manpower the state employment policy measures should be designed to overcome discrimination and increase competition in the Russian labour market.

Keywords: immigration; differentiation of labour income; the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method; the Russian labour market

 

 

 

The Efficiency of the State Welfare aid based on the Social Contract

Bobkov, VN, Dzhandosova, FS, Buchkova, YaYu

 

Abstract

This article was prepared in accordance with the results of the report on the research work "Analysis of application and effectiveness of the provision of state welfare aid to families with childred on the basic of  the social contract and preparation of recommendations for the use of social security agencies" done by the "All-Russia Centre of Living Standard PLC". The work had been commissioned by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Labour) in 2014. The authors evaluated the efficiency (it is understood as the achievement of the targets on time) on the basis of criteria and indicators set out in the official methodology approved in 2013. Techniques of applying the new technology of social contract for 2013 have been tested.

The social contract is a relatively new form of social assistance for low-income citizens in Russia. It is being promoted in the Russian regions to overcome the dependency attitude of people who are used to receive state benefits without any obligation on the part of the recipient. The social contract is an agreement between the state and the recipient of the welfare state, providing social support due to the form of the active poor people, when recipients undertake  obligations on their part.

Monitoring the implementation of the practice of this new kind of social support implies the use of methods of evaluating its effectiveness (understood as the success in reaching the goal) by regions.

The Official Methods (hereinafter – the Methods) assessment is designed to determine:

1) the prevalence of different variations of the social contract;

2) their effectiveness of Russia's regions;

3) necessary and sufficient criteria of need.

According to the procedure for collecting information from the regions a statistical form (hereinafter – the Form) has been approved. Since the Methods and data collection form are used for the first time, the authors analyzed these assessment tools: the Form and its processing methods, including, those according to interviews with employees of the regional social security authorities. The significant problems in the treatment of a variety of factors, and, therefore, exactly Name of indicators in the Form were identified. As a result criticisms have been developed and effective, in our opinion, and improved methods and a new statistical form have been suggested.

The purpose of this article is to describe the problems of valuation techniques in the effectiveness of state social assistance (SSA) on the basis of the social contract (SC) and justify the need and ways to improve it. The object of research is the Methods of evaluating the efficiency of the provision of SSA on the basis of the SC, reasoning for their improvement, as well as for perfecting the data collection system.

The subject of the study are the data provided by the Ministry of Labour according to the Methods as well as information gathered through structured interviews by the authors of the work in 12 regions of Russia.

The study has revealed that the Methods requires refinement techniques, i.e., criteria and indicators (indicators) for evaluating the effectiveness of SSA on the basis of the SC. Also it has been found that the Methods involve the collection and processing of data at different levels "by hand", which increases the error. It is due either to negligence in the collection of data or to the lack of understanding the essence of "fields" of the current official form, which is filled in the regions for further data processing. The whole process needs automation and changing the forms for collecting information. The authors provide recommendations to improve the existing Methods and the Form of collecting data on the basis of which it is advisable to adopt amendments to the legislation relating to this subject.

Key words: a social contract; low-income citizens; the standard of living; a poverty line; efficiency of the Methods; a statistical data form; criteria of needs for poor people;

 

 

Complex Model of Calculating Quality of Life in the Region

(On the basis of the formalized principle of sustainable development and systems of natural science indicators)

Shamayeva, EF

 

Abstract

A review of the current state of the problem of measurement, design and management of sustainable development and growth of quality of life is given. The formalized principle of sustainable development and the system of natural science indicators of sustainable development on the basis of which the complex model of calculating quality of life in the region is built, are presented. The author gives the results of calculation of quality of life from a position of different conceptual approaches. The task of increasing of efficiency of designing and managing sustainable development and growth of quality of life by means of development of systems of sustainable innovative development on the basis of using the works of the PG Kuznetsov International Research School of Sustainable Development.

Keywords: sustainable development, quality of life, a system of natural science indicators, design and management, a model of quality of life in the region.

 

Critical Analysis of Theories of Economic Cycles

Ivanov, VV, Ivanova, AV

 

Abstract

Relevance. Crises represent a considerable problem of socioeconomic development of society because they have a strong negative impact on the market of employment relationships. The nature of origin and development of crises are studied poorly. The researches that are available now show that, at least part of crises arise in a consequence of development of cyclic processes. Therefore, considering the nature of possible recurrence of development, features of emergence of crises will allow to create more exact models of forecasts of development of both economies in general, and the labour market in particular.

Object. Socioeconomic processes of society.

Subject of the Study. Studying of the nature and features of recurrence of social and economic development of society with 1800 to the present and taking into account the current forecasts.

The Purpose. Reviewing the approaches to an assessment of the nature and features of development of economic cycles, and revealing features that will allow to create on the received results effective mechanisms of overcoming crises and accounting of their parameters within an assessment of standard of living and parameters of work and employment relationships.

Result. The schematic diagram of emergence of cycles within socio-economic processes of society is revealed and the factors allowing to significantly improve forecasting crises in economy as well as the close interrelation between different types of economic cycles are determined.

Keywords:  an economic cycle; a crisis; solar activity; living standard.

 

 

 

Urgent Problem of the Cultural Dominant in National Economy Management

Machkhelyan, GG

 

Abstract

An urgent problem of the cultural dominant in Russian national economy management today is considered.

The importance of the contemporary English language as a major means of international communication is stressed.

A new concept in organizing teaching contemporary everyday and business English on evergrowing scale is proposed to enable introducing the latest achievements in science and technology for fundamental modernizing the national economy of the Russian Federation, increasing the efficiency of international economic, scientific and technological, and cultural cooperation.

Keywords: an urgent problem, a cultural dominant, national economy management, modernizing national economy, science and technology, R&D (research and development), foreign languages, contemporary everyday and business English, BE (British English) and AE (American English), reorganization of teaching English, a comprehensive reference book on practical English usage, a specimen of an English textbook for a Russian student, additional “musts”.

 

 

Legal Regulation of Genocide – the case of Armenia.

Aghajanian, MA

 

Abstract

The article reveals the essence of genocide, that was commited in 1915 when Turkish soldiers killed 1.5 mln Armenians in Turkey. It was an awful example of the first large-scale genocide during the early 20th century. The author considers the theoretical problems associated with the definition of genocide. A detailed scientific analysis of the subject of the study is being done.

Keywords: genocide, international law, criminal law, Turkey, Armenia, UN punishment legislation.

 

 

The Standard of Living and Quality of Life of the Population As the Foundation for Forming a Competitive Workforce in the Region

Shunyaev, АV

 

Abstract.

Actuality. Building and further developing a competitive workforce is an ongoing process taking place under certain conditions and driven by both exogenous and endogenous factors. Socioeconomic factors, first and foremost, the standard of living and quality of life of the population, are of great importance in terms of their impact on the development of a human being’s ability to work.

Object. Competitiveness of the workforce, the standard of living and quality of life of the population.

Subject. Establishing a theoretical foundation for the competitiveness and quality of the workforce. Regional differentiation analysis by: HDI (Human Development Index), GRP (Gross Regional Product), employment rate of the population, income and purchasing power, compensation, expenses, education, healthcare, size and natural movement of the population, the provision of housing.

Purpose. To define the impact of the standard of living and quality of life of the population on the development of a human being’s ability to work and his/her competitive advantage on the labour market at present.

The Main Aspects of the Article. Parameters exerting direct effects on the ratio and development of the competitiveness and quality of the workforce at the regional level are proposed. In accordance with the economic and statistical analysis performed, with due regard to the synthetic typology of regions, the article identifies a range of issues related to the standard of living and quality of life of the population. The author concludes that the quality of life of a significant part of the population in Russia is still low, which has an adverse impact on the development of a human being’s ability to work and his/her competitive advantage on the labour market. Proposals for raising competitiveness of the aggregate workforce based on the alignment of the socio-economic development of regions have been formulated.

Keywords: workforce, quality, competitiveness, standard of living and quality of life, HCI (Human Capital Index), a labour market, a region, classification, an income, differentiation.

2014 г. Выпуск 1.

CONTENTS

 

Bobkov V.N., Veredyuk O.V.

Social Vulnerability as a Result of Inequality of Living Standards

Abstract

The domestic and international aspects of the socioeconomic inequality in living standards in Russia during the capitalist transformation from 1990 to 2000 are considered. The following indicators of inequality are analyzed: by income spent on consumption, by housing provision, by access to education and healthcare. A comparison of Russia with other countries of the G20 is made. The reasons for high socioeconomic inequality in Russia are revealed.

The reachability of parameters of the social structure of the Russian society represented in the Forecast of Long-Term Socioeconomic Development of the Russian Federation for the Period up to the Year 2030 is considered. The conceptual approaches to reducing socioeconomic inequalities are represented.

Keywords: The Gini index, normative consumer budgets, Russia, socioeconomic inequality, social structure, G20, BRICS.

 

LIVING STANDARDS IN THE REGIONS IN RUSSIA

Bobkov V.N., Gulyugina A.A.

Monitoring Incomes and Living Standards of the Population of Russia

Abstract

Incomes and living standards of the population in Russia have been monitoring at the All-Russian Centre of Living Standard PLC for over 15 years based on the interrelated system of socioeconomic indicators, developed at the centre in particular. Digital and analytical data have been received as a result of the monitoring with using the methods of economic and statistical analysis for Russia as a whole including the federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: incomes, differentiation, wages, purchasing power, a consumer budget, consumer expenditure, cost of living, stratification, a subject, trends, a federal district, a living standard.

 

LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL

Bobkov V.N.

Labour Productivity Growth is the Urgency of the Hour

Abstract Labour productivity growth as an urgent problem of socioeconomic development of the country is accentuated. Reasons for lack of paying due attention to the problem on the part of the authorities and entrepreneurs are disclosed. A close relationship between the labour productivity growth and standards and quality of life is shown. The urgent need for developing a state system of labour productivity growth is pointed out

Keywords: labour productivity, living standards, quality of life, labour, employment.

 

Kardashevskiy V.V.

Increasing Labour Productivity is the Most Important Task of Modernizing the Economy of Russia

Abstract

The problems of labour productivity and the task of increasing it are considered. The levels of labour productivity in the Russian Federation and those in the world's leading industrial countries and the CIS member states are compared. The dynamics of labour productivity and wages growth in the Russian Federation in 1990-2012 is analyzed. Proposals to increasing labour productivity based on the domestic and foreign experiences are made.

Keywords: labour productivity, to increase labour productivity, programmes for increasing labour productivity, domestic and foreign experiences.

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

Yessimzhanova S.R.

Human Capital in Kazakhstan: Current Condition and Structure

Abstract

The article is based on the analysis of the current state of higher education, science, health and labour market in Kazakhstan. The problems in the development in these areas are determined. Proposals for solving the problems are made. Improving the quality of human capital through the modernisation of higher education system is accentuated.

Keywords: human capital, higher education, science, healthcare, labour market, a human development index, wages in the system of science and education, unemployment.

 

SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROCESSES IN THE REGIONS

Yelizarov V.V.

Demographic Development in Russia and Its Regions: General and Particular

Abstract

Current trends of demographic development in Russia and its regions, the results of positive demographic dynamics in recent years, demographic results 2013 in particular are analyzed. Basic contemporary and future demographic problems and their possible consequences for the economic and social development in the country are specified.

Regional differences in reproducing the population are disclosed. Significant differences in the indices of population reproduction in a number of Russian regions are indicated. Hence the need for and importance of developing and realizing regional demographic programmes coordinated with the national demographic policy

Keywords: the regions in Russia, the reproduction of the population, demographic development, demographic policy.

 

Arkhangelskiy V.N., Dzhanayeva N.G.

Regional Characteristic of Fertility Dynamics and Demographic Policy

Abstract

Regional differences in fertility dynamics are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the changes in the total rate of birth for the third and subsequent times in turn in 2012 because in that very year the majority of regions began providing families for maternity capital and granting land plots to the families of three and more children. The regional specifics of realizing these measures are considered. The effectiveness of the measures in question is estimated on the basis of analyzing statistical data and the results of sociological survey.

Keywords: fertility, demographic policy, aid to a family with three and more children.

 

Grishina Ye.Ye

Improving Social Support of the poor in Russia

Abstract

Poverty risks of different sociodemographic groups of the population in Russia are analyzed. Effects of reforming the system of social supporting the population are evaluated. Proposals for improving social support of the poor in Russia are made.

Keywords: social support, poverty, targeted social assistance, a social contract.

VI VERNADSKIY: 150TH ANNIVERSARY OF BIRTH

Kuznetsov D.L., Bol’shakov B.Ye.

Noosphere Laws and Model of the Global Sustainable Development

Abstract

The works of authors represent a single unique complex ob¬edinivshy fundamental science and engineering, energy and eco-nology in designing sustainable innovation development with enormous actual and potential effects. The urgency and complexity of creating complex is multifaceted and ne¬sorazmernosti raznopredmetnyh large amount of knowledge (natural science, technological, social, gumanitar¬nyh), leading to dimenzialnym (space-time) tear, which in turn become a cause mnogo¬ numerical risks, uncertainties, crises and conflicts, non-negatively impacting the stability of human and social development in the surrounding world environment.

Keywords: sustainable development, global crisis sis¬tema "nature - society - man" noosphere LT-language design and manage the transition to the noosphere

Vasilenko V.N.

Noosphere Monitoring of Security of Russian Citizens and the Global Society

Abstract

On the basis of the analysis of the creative ways of academician VI Vernadsky the author reveals the establishment of noosphere mission of Man and Citizen in the sustainable development of Russia and mankind in XXI century. It is shown that «Vernadskiansky revolution» in the scientific picture of the world began «before» the emergence of the term. Aggravation of ethno-ecological, technological and other threats of globalization of present and future generations in the regions of the planet point to the urgency of the demand of noosphere potential of science, education, culture in government institutions, government of Russia, other States of the global society. The author proves the necessity of noosphere revolution in the outlook, consciousness of citizens of the States of the Earth; development of noosphere Agenda of Russia and the United Nations in the XXI century; the tools of monitoring and indicators of assurance of quality, living standards of present and future generations in the regions of Russia, other crisis countries of the planet.

Keywords: the study of the biosphere, of the evolution of the biosphere into the noosphere; noosphere mission of science and education systems; noospheric revolution of civilization; noospheric basis of ethno-ecological security and social doctrine, the noosphere draft Agenda of Russia and the United Nations for the XXI century; the indicators of the level and quality of life of citizens of the planet.

 

MODELS AND METHODS OF EVALUATING AND FORECASTING STANDARDS AND QUALITY OF LIVING IN A REGION

Bobkov V.N.

The «Well-Being» Model for Evaluating and Forecasting the Standards and Quality of Living

Abstract

The "Well-Being" Model is one of the basic models evaluating the standards and quality of living of the population in a region. It defines the important effect of the development of a region, closely associated with the impact of increasing the opportunities of employment and growth of primary employment income on the standards of living of households. The author of the article has carried out:1) the selection of informative variables and getting a model for step-by-step multiple regression;2)verifying the significance of the model's coefficients in accordance with the criterion of dispersion analysis (Fisher's exact test) as well as Student's Test;3) comparing real (calculated) meanings of the explainable variable of well­being with those evaluated with the help of the regressive model, and the forecast for 2009-2011 on the basis of the latter

Keywords: quality of life, well-being, an equation of multiple regres­sion, informative variables.

 

Yevseyev V.O.

Software Analytical Complex for Evaluating the Professional Burnout

Abstract

The Aim of this work is to develop a software analytical complex allowing to thoroughly investigate the motivational characteristics of the activities of social workers, to identify new dependencies and relationships in the characteristics of the professional burnout of specialists directly involved in its innovative development.

Keywords: a system approach, a career preferences test, a burnout test, laws and dependences of professional burnout.

 

Vasilyeva Ye.V., Kuklin A.A., Lykov I.A.

Program of Complex Diagnosing the Quality of Life in a Region: Functional Characteristics

Abstract

A description of a PC program is given in the article. The program provides complex diagnosing the condition and evaluating the dynamics of changes in quality of life and it's components in the Russian federal districts and subjects of federation. The methodology and methods which are the basis of the developed program have been described. The functional characteristics of the program are represented. Possibilities of practical application of the program are given.

Regional differences in fertility dynamics are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the changes in the total rate of birth for the third and subsequent times in turn in 2012 because in that very year the majority of regions began providing families for maternity capital and granting land plots to the families of three and more children. The regional specifics of realizing these measures is considered. The effectiveness of the measures in question is estimated on the basis of analyzing statistical data and the results of sociological survey

Keywords: PC program, life quality, diagnostics

 

Zakharenkov V.V., Gornyy B.E., Mazharov V.F., Plotnikov N.Yu.

Targetted Managing the Program of the State Warranties of Rendering Free Medical Care to Citizens

Abstract

The problems associated with substantiating and developing regional programs of the state warranties (RPSW) of rendering free medical care to population are analyzed: absence of such important components of the target program as formulating the problem, aims and tasks with target and other indicators, the list of activities of the program, forms and methods of management. The target indicators used in the program are not balanced with each other and contain mainly "belated" indicators (mortality). The authors propose increasing the planning period by 5-7 years and managing the program on the basis of the balanced system of indicators.

Keywords: Medical care, target management, the program of the state warranties, "belated" indicators.

 

LINGUISTICS AND REGIONAL CULTURE FOR AUTHORS AND READERS

Machkhelyan G.G.

Some Handy Hints on Standard of Speech in Scientific Publications and Statements

Abstract

The significance of the intellectual component in improving the standards and quality of living in regions is considered. It is pointed out that the quality of education, implementing progressive methods of getting professional knowledge and technological progress pave the way for the innovative economics of the noospheric paradigm of Russia's development in the 21st century. The urgency of economic and law competence of industrial and research workers is accentuated. The most common errors in the use of important economic and legal terms are analyzed.

Keywords: an intellectual level, innovative activities, R&D, marketing, a phenomenon, dividends, Director General, 1990s, the Noughties, logistics, statistics.

 

PUBLICATIONS OF POSTGRADUATES AND DOCTORANTS

Dubovets D.S.

Approaches to Solving the Labour Safety Matters of the Social Partners from the Positions of the Categories of Quality, Quantity and Measures

Abstract

Differences in approaches to solving the Labour Safety matters о( the social partners from the positions of the categories of quality, quantity and measures are analyzed. Definition of the objectives of the business (employers), state and employees is considered, while noting the role of social partnership in finding a compromise (measures). The employers' expenses on the financing of actions for improvement of conditions and labour protection are analyzed in the context of the subjects of the Russian Federation, fully attributed to the Northern areas. The problem of organization of the system of monitoring is considered over the execution of the norms of Art. 226 of the Labour Code of the Russian Federation, in particular of the responsibilities of employers to finance actions for improving conditions and labour protection. Measures for solving the problem are proposed

Keywords: quality, quantity and measure, labour safety, social and labour relations, social partnership, financing working environment measures, collecting and processing data on job conditions and labor safety at employers.

 

2014 г. Выпуск 2.

Contents

Bobkov V.N., Bobkov N.V.

Noospheric Social Quality: from Theory to Design

Abstract. Theoretical principles of social quality, quality of life and the noosphere paradigm of global social development are considered. Conclusions about the separate character of working out the principles in question, existence of common gnoceological, ontological and axiological prerequisites of characterizing the processes and structures in modern societies are drawn. The authors compare the social structure sustainability of state-monopoly socialism and people's humanistic socialism – the society of Noospheric harmony. Conclusions are drawn about the impossibility of sustainable development in the paradigm of state-capitalist, oligarchic-elitist societies and the necessity to be guided by the noosphere paradigm of global social development, enriching it with the theories of social quality and quality of life and forming the society of people's humanistic socialism.

Keywords: social quality, quality of life, the noospheric paradigm of global social development, state-monopoly capitalism, people's humanistic socialism, global sustainable development.

Labour and Employment

Bobkov, V.N., Volgin, N.A., Kurilenko, E.I.

Increasing the Minimum Payment Guarantee Is a Feasible Task

Abstract.

The article considers the problem of improving living standards in Russia as an urgent necessity. The task of establishing minimum wages not lower than the subsistence minimum of able-bodied population is urgent too. The existing long-term imbalance has a direct negative impact on the level of poverty in our country. The article presents proposals on raising the minimum wage to the subsistence minimum of able-bodied population/

The paper presents the calculations (for 2000-2013,) the ratio of the minimum wage established a number of Federal laws of the Russian Federation in the period 2000-2013 years, and the subsistence minimum of able-bodied population, information on the amount which, in accordance with Art. 7 of the Federal law of October 24, 1997, №134-FZ "On subsistence minimum in the Russian Federation", is published quarterly in official publications of the Government of the Russian Federation and official publications of bodies of Executive power of subjects of the Russian Federation"; the ratio of the minimum wage and average wage in the same period, the amount of which is also published the official statistical bodies; the authors of the analysis of the obtained results. Additionally studied and analyzed similar indicators in other countries, the comparative analysis of these indicators with the Russian. In conclusion, based on the study, the authors proved the necessity of bringing the minimum wage to the subsistence minimum of the able-bodied population, and presents a number of suggestions for achieving that goal, including tactics, terms and financial sources of the problem solution. Notes that the decision of the analyzed problems will contribute to the stabilization of the economic situation in Russia, reducing the level of poverty within the country, as well as weakening the dependence of our country from foreign importers.

Keywords: A feasible task, poverty, minimum wage, wage earners, the subsistence minimum of able-bodied population, the average wage

 

Rzhanitsina, LS

Labour Incentives and Productivity

Abstract

The correlation of the official parity in wage growth and productivity, which now acts as the main policy limiting wage increases, is considered. The author points out that in order to improve productivity wage policy at the level of material prosperity – “standard economic stability of the family” is urgently needed. Cheap labour does not allow to introduce new technology and organization, reduces personal interest in the result of work done and the growth of labour productivity and economic development.

Keywords: wages, labor productivity, the standard income

 

Anoshin, A.V.

Employment of Young Specialists As a Criterion of Assessment of Competitiveness of Labour Force

Abstract

It is recognized that the employment of the graduates from institutions of professional education at all levels is the key factor determining the final evaluation of the effectiveness of the system of education. However, the definition of this indicator in the whole country there exist a number of difficulties since there is no mechanism for assessing the level of employment of graduates for different parameters-RAM, but even a simple statistical evaluation of this indicator on a single algorithm. In the Complex, the monitoring of employment of graduates of educational institutions of professional education, recommended as a tool for-build their rating, presents a list of number-governmental performance indicators of employment of graduates. The article presents the classification of recommended indicators from the point of view of the nature of their relationship with the competitiveness of young professionals, new entrants to the labour market. The concepts of the nominal and real competitiveness. Proposed a number of indicators of an estimation of competitiveness of young specialists, synchro-neironnykh with performance indicators employment issue-workers of institutions of professional education. Grounded the opportunity of building an integral indicator of the competitiveness of the young specialist.

Keywords: labour force; competitiveness; graduate institutions-institutions of professional education; young specialist; integration of your device.

 

Chulanova, O.L.

Monitoring the Application of the Competence Approach to Human Resource

Management of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses in a Region

Abstract

The article presents the results of monitoring the application of the competence approach to personnel management of small and medium-sized businesses in Khanty-Yugra. Competence approach presents an innovative tool in the management of staff at the business in question.

Keywords: competence approach to personnel management at small and medium-sized businesses, the study of the real economy, monitoring.

 

Living standartds and quality of life

Bobkov, V.N., Golygina A.A.

Monitoring Income and Living Standards (1st quarter 2014)

Abstract. Monitoring incomes and living standards of the population in Russia has been carried out by the All-Russia Centre of Living Standard PLC for 15 years. It is based on the system of interrelated socioeconomic indicators, worked out at the Centre in particular. As a result of the monitoring analytical data and figures on Russia as a whole as well as on federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation in the first quarter of 2014 have been obtained.

Keywords: incomes, differentiation, wages, monitoring, purchasing capacity, a consumer budget, consumer spending, subsistence minimum, a living standard, stratification, a federal district, a subject, tendencies.

 

Naiden, SN, Motrich, YeI, Gritsko, MA.

Regional Monitoring Quality of Life of the Population: Khabarovsk Territory and the Far East

Abstract

Indicators of living standards and quality of life of the population of the Khabarovsk Territory in comparison with those across Russia and in the Far East are considered. Absolute and relative parameters of the population and migration, incomes and expenditure of the population, differentiation and cost of living in the region are analyzed. Proposals for improvement of system of monitoring of quality of life taking into account municipal level are brought up.

Keywords: population, population migration, income and expenditure, living standards, cost of living, monitoring, the Khabarovsk Territory, the Far East.

 

Terekhin, VI, Chernobrodova, LA, Bukhenskiy, DK.

Human Capital Influence on the Region Socioeconomic Development

Abstract

The article deals with the development of research instruments and quantitative assessment of the impact of human capital and innovation on social and economic development of regions. Econometric approach to the assessment, based on the author's method, is used. Calculations are carried out in the Central Federal District regions. The proposed method improves the validity of the impact assessments of the management of human capital growth and the level of innovation development growth in regions.

Keywords: human capital, innovative development, an econometric approach, a district, a region, human potential management, socioeconomic development.

 

Aliyev, UT.

Economic Growth, Living Standards and Inequality in Oil-Producing

Countries of the Post-Soviet Space

Abstract

This article covers the way oil export incomes influence economic development and inequality of income distribution. Possible types of inequality related to structural changes in the economies of oil-producing countries are identified. Dependency of different economies on oil and gas export has been analyzed based on the indicators suggested. A breakdown of oil-producing countries into four groups has been provided on the basis of per capita average incomes and volumes of oil extraction. Peculiarities of resource-dependency of three major post-Soviet oil and gas exporters (Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan) have been analyzed. It has been demonstrated that dependency on resources modifies the structure of these countries’ economies, which leads to income inequality based on employment via a mechanism of labour compensation changes in different sectors of economy. Oil-producing countries need system policy on efficient use of energy resources sales revenue in order to improve living standards and meet socioeconomic challenges.

Keywords: income inequality, economic growth, resource curse, an income distribution system.

 

Kuzymbekova, RA.

Problem of Improving the Efficiency of State Regulating Standards of Living

in the Republic of Kazakhstan under Unstable

Macroeconomic Factors Conditions.

Abstract

The article deals with the key features of the implementation of state regulating standards of living in the Republic of Kazakhstan today. The author reveals the most pressing public policy issues in the context of macroeconomic instability. The article emphasizes the interconnection of the state policy and social dynamics in living standards as the main factors determining not only current but also future development of society. The author emphasizes the need of developing and applying methodology and models for monitoring basic living standards as the basis for improving the effectiveness of state regulation in Kazakhstan. Poverty indicators prove the importance of obtaining an objective assessment of their dynamics for the implementation of point and economically justified feasible control measures. The most optimal point of focus for the implementation of state regulation is the key for improving living standards. A complex approach should be the main criterion for implementating measures of state regulation. Considering the specifics of monitoring and management of socio-economic indicators in the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as drawing on international experience, the author puts forward the idea of the need to strengthen the role of state regulation in the formation of the wage system, for smoothing the socioeconomic problems of society in the face of uncertainty and high economic and social risks.

Keywords: government regulation, standards of living, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the problems of state regulation, socioeconomic problems, monitoring the standards of living, assessment of living standards, socioeconomic indicators, the effectiveness of social policy objective indicators of living standards.

 

Social Sphere

Guslyakova, LG, Khabarova, YeV

Evolution of Social Support for Families with Children in the Altay Republic

Abstract

The article examines, first, one of the priorities of social work in the Republic of Altay – social support for families with children; secondly, identifies the main tendencies in the evolution of social services for families with children in the Altay Mountains. Particular attention is drawn to the development of a comprehensive system of remedial and rehabilitation work on the early stage of family troubles, taking preventive measures to eradicate homelessness and delinquency among the minors.

Keywords: family, social assistance, social protection, low-income family, single parent family, a large family.

 

Sikorskaya, LB

Peculiarities of the Organization of Sociopedagogical Supporting Volunteering

in Social Institutions

Abstract

The basic concepts of volunteering are considered. On the basis of original sources and own website data the author stresses a special role of studying volunteering as a process of forming and developing a personality. Different kinds of volunteering and social activity are analyzed.

Keywords: volunteering, to form a personality, volunteer initiatives, social service, social activity.

 

Kalmykov, SB, Pashin, NP

Qualimetry studies of Social Advertising Healthy Lifestyle

Abstract

The article presents the results of qualimetry research of social advertising healthy lifestyle associated with the study of the simultaneous and cumulative effects of a number of identified relevant factors. A quantitative estimate of the importance of identifying the quality of such social advertising is made. Expert analysis of the quality factors of social advertising healthy lifestyle, on the basis of the All-Russian sociological study in December 2013 – February 2014 have been carried out.

Keywords: qualimetry, social advertising healthy lifestyle, quality factors, the importance factor, a normalized coefficient of importance, the expert method.

 

Unity of the Peoples of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus’

Babosov, YeM, Gorodyanenko, VG, Grigor'yev, SI, Darovskikh, OV

Expert Evaluation of the Capabilities of the State and National Unity of Russia, Ukraine

and Belarus' in the Early Part of the 21st Century

Abstract

The article presents the results of the first phase of an international expert survey conducted in Russia at the close of 2013 and early in 2014. The authors assess key factors and conditions braking (stimulating) national and state unity of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus' at the beginning of the 21st century. The subject mater of the article attests to a significant inhibition problem field regarding national and state unity of contemporary Russia, Ukraine and Belarus'. It is determined socio-historically by a global scale and requires a balanced assessment and constructive solutions, optimal socioeconomic and national and cultural policy.

Keywords: national unity government, Slavic world, social policy, economic policy, cultural policy, social factors, political factors, economic conditions, political conditions, political economy system, sociocultural space, subjects of sociocultural development, foreign center’s of global influence, social history, successive socio-historical development.

 

Logic and Methodology of Scientific Research

Artamonov, GN

Logic, Topics and Systems Analysis

Abstract

A new trend in logical and methodological approach in scientific researches is considered. The following concepts are introduced: semantic lattice, the mental scheme, top wasps of a reasoning (theory), topic structures and followings, branchy structures as symmetry cells in system representation of a subject of the theory. Non-reducibility of thinking only to two (logical) ways deduction and induction, and non-reducibility of model of thinking only to logic are discussed. Four more ways of thinking of an eduction, subduction, traduction and production (LV Rutkovskiy – 21st century), components, together with deduction and induction "a logical square of ways of thinking" are considered. Four low-studied ways of thinking are characteristic not so much for "logic" as for "topics" (Aristotle) and the system analysis. Today the term "system" is widely used. There are no effective criteria of distinction between systems and pseudo-systems, no effective ways of establishment of structurally functional and other properties of what we decide to designate system. Planning contours of the system analysis in the aspect of the formalized structures thanks to what it is possible to use system designing of theoretical objects more effectively is the main aim of the article. Moreover, in modern scientific knowledge, there is a requirement (usually applied in the exact sciences): if something is called a system, the type of symmetry, a cell, a symmetry axis, spatial topology of system object have to be specified.

Keywords: logic, topics, topos, semantic lattice, ways of thinking, the symmetry cell, systems analysis, systems modelling, system design, laws and properties of the system.

 

Artamonov, GN

Laws and Properties of the System and Scientific Interpretation of the New Methodology – Reconstruction of Mendeleyev's Periodic Law

Abstract

The author gives proof of the model of the system obtained in the course of logical-philosophical, topical and systemic-analytical research through its interpretation by the materials of natural history. The periodical system of chemical elements is selected as an interpretative framework because it is the most complete and reliable system model known to modern science. Topos problem analysis, defined in the previous article, when interpreting gets logical status of cell symmetry. The article shows how these symmetry cells develop the integral system. On the one hand it is a reliable confirmation of the original model of a topos, on the other hand, the use of this model enables you to convert the modern periodic table into the system, overcoming a number of problems that still have not been resolved. The table of elements is the best approximation to what we call a system, but it is still imperfect: there is a problem of a third of the members falling out of the classification principle. First of all, outside of the metric and category of the classification was 14 lanthanides and 14 of actinoids. Further, outside of the discharge (group isolation) was 8 elements attributed to category 8 (cobalt Co27, nickel Ni28, rhodium Rh45, palladium Pd46, iridium Ir77, platinum Pt78, meitnerium Mt109, nonnulli Uun110). Finally, there was the problem with the incompleteness of the first period, and, as it turns out, last – the eighth period (119 and 120 items), which are incomplete, contain only 2 elements. The final conclusion: on the basis of a topos (cell symmetry) a system has been built with a new type of hexagonal symmetry (with two tori inscribed in a circle containing 120 items). Moreover, the system converges to 120 items and may not exceed this limit due to the properties of closed symmetry.

Keywords: topics, topos, semantic lattice, a symmetry cell, a symmetry type, system topology, systems analysis, systems modelling, the periodic law, lanthanoids, actinoids, the table of elements.

 

2014 г. Выпуск 3.

CONTENTS

 

TODAY'S TOPIC: INSTABILITY OF EMPLOYMENT

Reshetnikov, EN

The problem of instability of employment collects international forum in Moscow

Abstract

The conception of «employment precarity» is interpreted. The major negative aspects of this social phenomenon affecting the socio-labour relations and the world economy as a whole are pointed out. Searching the ways of minimizing those negative consequences have made the outstanding scientists and specialists of the sphere of socio-labour relations in 20 countries of the world to assemble at the international scientific and practical conference in Moscow. The programme (agenda) of the conference is presented.

 

Keywords: unemployment, employment instability (precarisation), social inequality, economic instability, integration efforts.

 

Bobkov, V N, Chernykh, EA

The Influence of Youth Employment Precarity on Labour Market Transitions

Abstract

Relevance. The article deals with the concept of transitions in the labour market, the definition of the transition "study-work" given by the World Bank, International Labour Organization, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, etc. The notion of employment precarity and its components is analyzed, the emphasis is laid on the youth employment precarity and informal employment in context of youth employment. The results of an empirical study of transitions "study-work" in Russia are given in the third part of the article, carried out by the authors on request of the ILO in 2013. Recommendations on the youth labour market regulation have been presented.

Object. Young people (15-29) in the process of transition "study-work" falling under the category of precarity.

Subject. Sustainable economic developmentrequiresstabilityof employment, the phenomenonbraking"social elevator" in the transitionof young peoplefrom school toemployment, up to social exclusion are studied: critical period ofsocial and economiclife.The concept ofthe transition tothe labour market is analized, newelementsin standarddefinitingqualitytransitionsin the labour market(ILO): optionto meetemployment, employmenttrajectory, measuring the success ofthe transition, in particular. The ILO classificationformeasuring the duration ofthe transitional period is considered.

The Theoretical Aspect.Signs that objectivelyinfluence the emergenceprecariousness: underdevelopedskills,inactivejob search, insufficient meeting professionalrequirements.Subjectiveconcept ofsatisfactoryemployment.Typical signsof decent employment. Stages of transition: 1) it has not started, 2)the transition in process, 3)completion of the transition. Precarityforms: the instability of employment,informal employmentand unemployment.Precarityas uncertaintiesdue to theexistence ofemployment relations. Instability ofemploymentin connection withuncertainty and riskinlabour relations.Criterialconcepts:volatility, discreteincome, poorworking conditions,lack of a formalcontract.

The Empirical Aspect. Empiricalstudy onyouthprecarityin Russia has been undertaken.Irregularyouth employment: 15.0% - men, 8.7% - women. Informal employment: 51.9% - men, 49.7% - women. Men: post-transition-54.1%; have not started-28.4%.Women: completed the transition-45.8%, did not start-30.7%. Among15-19-year olds:notstarted moving-66.1%. Among20-24-year olds: in the process of transition-48.6%. Among25-29-year olds: completed the transition-58.1%. Among thecompletedtransition: with higher education -32.3%, with specialized secondary education-23.8%.In the process of transition: urban-61.2%, villagers-38.8%. Among thosenot started thetransition: men-47.8%, women -52.2%; town-dwellers-73.6%, villagers-26.4%. Only7.4% of unemployed girls and 8.6% of the boys wentto thestable employment.One-third of those completed the transition areexperiencing difficulties. The averageyoung personin the transitiononly oncewas unemployed, but the average duration of the periodis16.5months.

Purpose. Development of a comprehensive theoretical and empirical picture of precarity among different demographic, sociocultural and economic categories of youth in the age of 15-29.

Keywords: school-to-work transition, precarity, informal employment, youth employment, regular employment, decent work

 

Herrmann, P

Precarity – Challenge towards Rethinking Welfare Policies

Abstract

The four central problems are (i) lack of standard employment, (ii) lack of social security independent of employment, (iii) lack of acceptance of soci(et)ally meaningful activity and the production of use value in the wider understanding as reference of social security and (iv) move towards true citizens rights. The latter is admittedly a major challenge as it requires both, revisiting welfare issues and revisiting the principle of nationality. That this is currently barely thinkable does not mean that we do not have to start trying to think about this major challenge.

 

Matveeva, TA

Influence of instability of employment on labor income

Russian workers and their job satisfaction

Abstract

Object. The object of study is the employed population of the Russian Federation,  the influence of the unstable characteristics of its employment on the results of and attitude towards work in particular.

Subject of the Research. The subject is studied theoretically by analyzing domestic and foreign sources in order to determine the term "precarious employment" and to identify theoretical and practical approaches to the definition of the main features and factors of the precarity. The author allocated approaches applicable for further empirical analysis, and approaches which might not be used. Empirical study of the subject is carried out through statistical analysis based on 21 waves of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring health (RLMS) held in November-December 2012.

Purpose. The main objective of the study is to assess the degree of influence of various indicators on the level of precarious employment of monthly labour income of employees and their job satisfaction.

Theoretical Description of the Article.

The article examines the impact of volatility on labour income, employment and job satisfaction of employees in Russia today. The frequency analysis and t-tests for independent samples are carried out, the average values of monthly earnings are calculated and job satisfaction among precarious workers and those not having considered factors of instability are compared.

Results. On the basis of calculations significant conclusions on the impact of various factors on the precarious of employment and job satisfaction and labour income are drawn. A number of recommendations aimed at reducing the volatility of employment while increasing income and job satisfaction are given.

Keywords: precarious employment; precarity; informal employment; job satisfaction; labour incomes.

 

MIGRATION PROCESSES

Coleman, DA

International Migration in Europe in the 21st Century: Present and Future

Annotation

The paper considers the current migration trends in the European Union with the focus on the development of the country. This article identifies different categories of migrants and measures to regulate their admission. Also the paper gives the forecast of future migration to these countries and provide appropriate measures in the EU migration policy.

Key words: international migration of population, labour migration, immigrants, asylum seeking, foreign nationals, migration policy.

 

Iontsev, VA, Prokhorov, YA

International migration of population in the context of demographic theory

Abstract

The paper considers the role of international migration and its evolution in the various theoretical demographic structures (research, theories, concepts that are combined in the general concept of “demographic theory”).  The demographic evolution itself is closely linked to the changing of role and place of international migration in the demographic development of the world and in some individual states. Special attention is paid to the general theory of population, the classical theory of demographic transition and the concepts of demographic transition. Besides the authors give a brief description of the modern trends of international migration of population and show increasing importance in the demographic development of immigration and emigration countries.

Key words: international  migration of population, non –return migration, labour migration, illegal migration, demographic approach to the study of migration, basic patterns of international migration.

 

Krasinets YS., Shvetsova TV.

Migration as a factor and a consequence of labour market development

Abstract

In the article the author estimates the development of the situation on the labour market of contemporary Russia. Tendencies and features of attraction and use of foreign labour in the domestic economy are considered. Consequences of labour migration for the sphere of employment have been analyzed. The author highlights a number of the key issues related to the improvement of the state migration policy.

Key words: migration, labour market, international migration, labour migration, foreign labour, migration policy

 

STANDARD AND QUALITY OF LIVING

Bobkov, VN, Gulyugina AA

Monitoring of income and living standards (2 m. 2014)

Abstract.

Relevance. Monitoring of income and living standards of the Russian population has been carried out in the All-Russia Centre of Living Standard PLC for more than 15 years. It is based on an interconnected system of socio-economic indicators including the use of specific indicators developed at the Centre.

Object. Incomes and living standards of the Russian population.

Subject of the Study. Dynamics of change in consumer prices for goods and services market in Q2 2014. Subsistence minimum in the face of rising cost of food basket in Q2 2014 compared with Q2 2013. Regional differences in the subsistence minimum. Reducing consumption and the average per capita budget. The ratio of the growth rate of pensions to wage growth. Dynamics of subsistence minimum, cash income and purchasing power of the population. Structure and level of expenditure. Consumer spending.

The purchasing power of consumer spending. Grouping the subjects of the Russian Federation on the level of purchasing power of money income. Cash income: comparative characteristics by federal districts. Socioeconomic differentiation of population in the group stratification: the poor, low income, below medium income, relatively wealthy, wealthy and rich.

Concentration of cash income in the "non-poor" group with per capita incomes above 3-subsistence levels. Differentiation of wage levels, in federal districts. Differentiation of wages by groups of workers with different wages in relation to the size of the subsistence minimum of the population.

Purpose. Formating an economic and statistical pattern of living standard and quality of life, taking into account regional differences in different categories of socioeconomic stratification.

Result. The result of monitoring is digital and analytical information obtained through the methods of economic and statistical analysis for Russia as a whole, and by federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: incomes, differentiation, wages, monitoring, purchasing capacity, a consumer budget, consumer spending, subsistence minimum, stratification,  a federal district, a subject, a living standard, tendencies (trends).

 

Radchenko, OA

The level and quality of life in Canada: language and social aspects

Abstract.

Object. Environmental, economic, social and cultural conditions - factors determining living standard and quality of life of Canada's population.

Subject of the Study. Environmental quality of life (clean air, water environmental indicators). Economic indicators of living standard: the average annual income per capita, the structure and nature of employment, wage levels. Standards of the cultural component of quality of life: a set of indicators of quality of education, linguistic standards in employment (the diversity of languages in Canada - more than 200). Health standards: vaccination, free medical care, free medicines, life expectancy. Standards of social dimensions of life: the status of volunteer activities (fixed to the resume when applying for a job), public pensions, free housing for seniors with social security services, safe life (low crime rate).

Immigration flows: different types of visas, quotas for professionals, their narrow list proficiency in English or French. Immigrant services: personal agents vsterchi immigrants upon arrival, the package instructions for the device in the first weeks of life, mode up special credit cards, job search services (the employer to prove the level of education, profession, professional experience).

Purpose. Correspondence Canadian system level standards and quality of life with the Russian system level and quality of life.

Description of the Article. Indicators of lifestyle and quality of life in Canada are analized. The high standard of living and quality of life of the population in Canada is emphasized. The article deals with the data of surveing the Canadian lifestyle and living quality in 2011 to 2013. It reflects the factors affecting the standards of lifestyle in such spheres as labour, everyday life, languages, education, healthcare and housing in particular. A special attention has been paid to the sociolinguistic situation in Canada, the problem of national and social stratification in the Canadian society, socioeconomic aspects of life of the population, the factors that have been determining immigrants’ living standards in Canada as a country attractive for immigrants.

Keywords: living standards; Canadian living quality; education; sociolinguistic situation; official languages; immigration

 

PENSION REFORM

Pavlyuchenko, VG

New conditions and pensions procedure for the calculation of pension from 2015

 Abstract.

Object. The pension reform of 2013-2014 – social aspects, economic essence, the standard system of calculation of the insurance pension, social and economic motivation of work in the aspect of the pension legislation, the principles of the differentiated approach and pension rights.

Subject. Change of the order of fixing and calculating of the size of insurance old-age pensions, disability pensions and pensions for the lost bread-winner. The essence of the new pension formula. Mechanisms of direct dependence of the size of an insurance old-age pension on the sum of insurance premiums. The increasing of a role of an insurance experience. The principles of differentiation in provision of pensions. The economic mechanisms stimulating active participation in formating the pension rights and a later retiring on a pension.The components forming the pension rights of insured persons. The individual Pension Coefficient (IPC). Coefficient of increasing the size of an insurance pension on various bases established by the legislation. The rules and order of establishing the IPC since 2015.

Purpose. Formating the methodical bases in disclosing the essence of the pension reform of 2013-2014, its components, standard system, social orientation and economic mechanisms.

Orientation of the Article.

The article deals with new order of formating and fixing of pensions for present-day and future pensioners in the light of the new pension reform of 2014-2015. Stimulating and motivation standards, new terms and conditions of pension provision and calculation and a number of social and legal and economic aspects are considered.

Key words: an insurance pension, insurance, the individual pension coefficient, coefficient, fixed insurance payment, a pension formula,  pension formula standards, insurance premiums.

 

SOCIO-CULTURAL AND SPIRITUAL AND MORAL BASIS LIFE

Novoselov, EI

Russian-Italian symposium on «The contribution of communication. Thomas Aquinas

in the development of social sciences in Europe»

Abstract

Object. St. Tommaso di Aquino’s spiritual legacy. Social, cultural, economic and sociopolitical issues in the modern world in terms of their spiritual and moral regulation.

Subject of Research. St. Tommaso’s theological teaching as a set of principles for the formation of social and cultural activities of the Church. Christian anthropology communication. Tommaso in the context of sociopsychological and socioethical issues in the methodology of education and socialization of a human being. Public social policy in the modern world in terms of the social and spiritual teaching of St. Tommaso. Regulation of cultural processes in society, education and training processes from the standpoint of theological and teaching doctrine of the Italian theologian and scholar. Regulation of economic relations in society in the paradigm of St.. Tommaso’s spiritual legacy.

Purpose. Contributing to the process of policy convergence of the secular state with the institution of religion in matters of cultural development and humanization of society, the development of science and education, patriotic and moral education of the youth, spiritual healing social institutions of civil society.

Keywords: theology, virtue, prudence, justice, common welfare, ethical regulation; intelligence, humanitarian culture, the Catholic Church.

 

Artamonov, GN, Bobkov, VN

Spiritual and socio-cultural issues of the day in dialogue with the legacy of St.. Aquinas

Abstract

Object. Values, ethical system, cultural system, cultural processes, spiritual processes, social policy, cultural policy, spiritual lifestyle.

Subject of the Study. St Tommaso Aquinas' ethical and theological concept. Classification of St Aquinas' teological and cardinal virtues. Ethical regulation of the economy. Normative value adjustment through socialization and culture. The phenomen of "alternative ethics," different sets of codes of ethics in various sectors and groups of society. Group ethics and aesthetics of the group. Religious and spiritual life of man. Spiritual and emotional meanings of life. The role of sense of life structures in the personality structure of a human being. Value-meaning dimension of the inner world and the course of human life. Style levels in culture: high (spiritual), the median (the book) and low (everyday). Tradition as the core of culture and cultural periphery. Tradition as a historical path of culture. Traditional culture as a hierarchy of norms and values. Processes of individuation and inconciliar (insobornal) iteration of consciousness and the formation of the cathedral and individualistic psychology of the people. Postmodernism as the diversification of values and the systematic destruction of standards. Destruction of cultural styles and norms, replacing the value vertical by the horizontal line bearing not the process of transforming culture into mass culture.

Globalization: The total mixing and assimilation of cultures. World unification of politics, economics, law, culture, morality, and religion. The concept of common spaces: economic, legal, educational and cultural. The concept of "common values". "Similar" values ​​- not "similar", not "identical" - ie not common. Karl Mannheim: negative democratization, dehumanization, simplifying mechanisms of cultural selection, expansion and weakening of the elites. Nietzsche on the causes of the decline of culture: 1) the lush flowering of intermediate forms, 2) types of diminution, 3) break with tradition, 4) domination of instinct, power of the unconscious, 5) the weakening of the will.

Purpose. Forming a systematic set of problems solution of which requires spiritual and moral regulation and supports on the spiritual legacy of Christianity and general Christian experience, including of St Tommaso Aquinas' spiritual heritage.

Keywords: virtue, culture, alternative ethics, collegiality, intervalues relationships, values, norms, tradition, lifestyle, style, deformation of culture, post-modernism, globalism, negative democracy, mechanisms of cultural selection, expansion and weakening of the elites, mass culture, cultural space.

 

Crosthwaite, A

The social doctrine of St.. Tommaso (Thomas) Aquinas

Abstract

Object. Object. of St Tommaso's Teaching social doctrine, theology and moral virtues, the doctrine of the spiritual development of the person, the doctrine of social justice, economic doctrine, the doctrine of man and society, political doctrine.

Subject of the Study. The social doctrine of St Tommaso. Moral norms of regulating behaviour. Spiritual perfection through good deeds of personality manifesting natural abilities. Human nature directs his moral actions. Theological virtues: faith, hope and charity. Mercy as the highest theological virtue. Tommaso's teaching on social justice. The rule of the common good over the good of individuals. Justice as the highest virtue. Means of ensuring justice - right. Justice in the legislative sphere - its formalized version. Private property as the basis of order and responsibility. A free human being is that who gives up what he has in abundance. This is the foundation of charity. Wealth as a source of human misconceptions about his influence and authority. Extravagance as a defect does not give due importance to material things. St Tommaso on the obligation to create social, economic and political conditions for a virtuous life of citizens. Equitable distribution in economic relations. Usury as immoral activities. Peace – The World - the result of mercy. Tommaso's Christian reformism: society - a hierarchically constructed unity of social and professional organizations; corporativism - an alternative to individualism; the best form of political organization and pious life, a constitutional monarchy.

Purpose. Systematization of St Tommaso spiritual legacy in correlation with the problems of present-day society, education, social, economic and political structure of society and social relations.

Keywords: rational development, wisdom, education, prudence, the theological virtues, social justice, positive rights, fair price, liberal economic concepts, usury, financial capital, a constitutional monarchy.

 

Gelvanovsky, MI

Economic trends in the modern world: Christian view

Abstract

Object. The system of spiritual values of Christianity. Confronting Christian and liberal ideology. Moral state of society and the Christian system of values. Spiritual and moral problems of the major social institutions of society: education, science, culture and family. Values, the ethical system, the cultural system, cultural processes, spiritual processes, social policy, cultural policy, spiritual lifestyle.

Subject of the Study. Liberal ideology as an excuse for hedonistic pursuits. St Thomas Aquinas: the doctrine of the harmony of science and faith. Rational approach to the use of the philosophical heritage of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle and Plato. Social teaching of the Church. Spiritual principles as the core of culture and unity of the people. Rationalist and transcendental culture. The medieval concept of "double truth." Extreme tendency to divide faith and reason. The middle position of St Thomas Aquinas: Philosophy and religion differ in methods, but partially - by the subject. The religious and scientific worldview as facets of a single and integral human's worldview. Plato's doctrine of the economy: The property spoils manners, inflames passions, so the economy should be limited by ethics. The Aristotle's economic doctrine relied on by Thomas Aquinas: the economy is the support of the state and chrematistics is idolatry of profit; economy and the state - social and moral categories; natural economy – limited by moral imperative. St Thomas Aquinas' teaching on the "fair price": a) it relates to the cost of labour and expenses (costs), b) it comes from the difference in the benefits associated with the social status of participants in the exchange. Normal level of profit provides the family with an opportunity to live up to the place of social hierarchy in society.

The Basic Social Concept of the Russian Orthodox Church. The principle of secularity does not displace the religion of spheres of public life; the division of competences between church and the state; their non-interference in the internal affairs of one another; by Byzantine principle of church-state symphony and the legal principle of freedom of conscience. Areas of church-state cooperation concern for the preservation of public morality; formation of Christian patriotism; spiritual, cultural, moral and patriotic education and training; mercy and charity; restoration and development of the historical and cultural heritage; co-working in science and research, in humanitarian research in particular; healthcare; culture and creative work; work of ecclesiastical and secular media; opposition activities of pseudoreligious structures.

The Christianity 2000 Program. Major areas of involving orthodoxy in cultural and social life: the history of Russia; education culture; literature; science; the education system; preservation and development of national traditions; family education, protection of the family institution. Immediate objectives: to develop a specific historical spiritual and moral substance of national education; give spiritual and moral education status similar to economic, historical, legal and other forms of education.

Purpose. Forming a systematic set of problems the solution of which requires spiritual and moral regulation and supports of the spiritual heritage of Christianity and general Christian experience, including St Tommaso Aquinas' spiritual heritage.

Keywords: liberal ideology, the ideology of permissiveness, passion, spiritual principles, the core culture, cultural degradation, dehumanization of social and interpersonal relationships, the conflict of science and faith, the integrity of the human mind, economics, chrematistics, Christian patriotism, freedom of conscience, educational policy.

 

Artamonovа, MG .

Social and cultural problems of the modern revival of the Cossacks

Abstract

Object. Sociocultural tradition, lifestyle, the lifestyle established by Cossacks in history and being formed during revival.

Subject of the Study. Processes of institutionalization, group integration and subcultural development of the Don Cossacks, as the most representative of the Russian Cossack community.

The Main Hypothesis. Cossacks as a hierarchically organized community with a stable culture of collective action in the process of revival, should be a more integrated part of society, capable of self-organization and self-management.

Main Problems: sovereignty of Cossack self government, gap between generations and traditions, loss of the central structure in lifestyles, social exclusion, social status strain, lifestyle and lifestyle tradition strain, inversion of sociocultural meanings in reviving traditions (primary and secondary, higher and lower, internal and external), cultural assimilation, coagulation values.

Secondary Problems. Identity problem of Cossacks. Subidentification elements. Sociocultural bases of identity. Separating Cossacks in Russiancentric and Cossackcentric ethnicities. Sociocultural types of the Cossacks today.

Methodical Features of the sociological research. Allocation categories of the analysis: a) the register / non-register Cossacks, b) gender structure, c) categorization by level of education, d) differentiation of material position, d) differentiation by occupation, e) differentiation by years of stay in the Cossack organizations g) categorization by traditionalist motivation in identity, h) categorization of the nature of perception of the Cossack movement, i) differentiation with respect to land use, j) differentiation in relation to the state register of Cossack Communities and Public Cossacks.

Purpose. Systematic identification of groups of problems that characterize the deviation of the process of the present-day revival of the Cossacks from the historical sociocultural sample to develop a correcting strategy.

Keywords: sovereignty, the generation gap, the gap traditions, values, lifestyle, lifestyle, social exclusion, cultural assimilation, national identity, a sociocultural type.

 

LOGIC AND METHODOLOGY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

Artamonov, GN

Laws and properties of the system: a new interpretation of the natural science

Methodology (continued)

Abstract

Object. Structural and functional characteristics of the system.

Subject of the Study. Laws and properties of the system. Type of symmetry and topology of the system space, the periodic system of chemical elements being an example. The modification conversion system for describing the properties and laws of the elements.

Purpose. Making an integrated system of elements for explicating its properties and laws.

Theoretical Description of the Article. The article gives proof of the model of the system, resulting in the logical-philosophical, topical and systemic analyzes through its interpretation in materials of science. The periodic system of chemical elements has been chosen as an interpretive basis as it is the most complete and reliable model system known to modern science. The paper shows how the symmetry of these cells formed an integral system. On the one hand, it is a reliable confirmation of the original topos model, on the other hand, the application of this model allows to convert the modern periodic table into a system overcoming a number of problems that still have not been resolved. The table of the elements is the best approximation to what we call the system, but it has certain imperfections: it is a problem of the falling of a third of elements out of the classification principle.

The Symmetry Principle As Applied to the Elements. Model and formula system symmetry. Bitoroidal hexagonal symmetry. The topology of the system: two mirrored torus inscribed in a sphere. The hexagonal cell symmetry in the topological transformation on the surface of the torus.

The Final Conclusion: a system has been built on the basis of a topos (cell of symmetry) with a new type of hexagonal symmetry (with two toruses inscribed in a circle containing 120 items). Moreover, the system converges to 120 items and may not exceed this limit due to the properties of closed symmetry.

Keywords: topics, topos, semantic lattice, a symmetry cell, a symmetry type, system topology, systems analysis, systems modelling, the periodic law, lanthanoids, actinoids, the table of elements, a toroid, a torus.

 

 

2014 г. Выпуск 4.

 

CONTENTS

Instability of Employment

Yakovlev, R A.

Precarious Employment and Minimum Wages Adjustment

Target Setting. This article is based on the author's lecture at the International Scientific-Practical Conference "The Employment Precarity (Precarisation): Special and General, Considering  the Integration Efforts of the State and Society" (Moscow, 17-19 September  2014).

Object and Subject of the Study. Taking into account the objectives of the conference the article examines three areas of the issues discussed: the creation and use of more precise conceptual apparatus in employment; characteristics of the main forms of stable and unstable employment in the Russian Federation singling out of the special forms of precarious informal employment; substantiating of the need to strengthen state influence on the scope of the informal precarious employment on the basis of increased guarantees in the form of a minimum hourly wage established by local authorities.

Result. Proposals to give some more precise definitions in the LabourCode of the Russian Federation have been made.

Keywords: employment, sustainable employment, employment (precarity employment), precarious informal employment, the monthly minimum wage, the hourly minimum wage.

 

Loktyukhina, N V, Rozhkov, V D.

Controlling of Foreign Labour Migration as a Mechanism for Reducing Precarious Employment

Abstract

Abstract

Object of the Study. Labour migration in the Russian Federation, and in Moscow, in particular Subject of the Study Employment peculiarities of foreign workers classified as «precarious employment». The purpose of research is to determine the characteristics of precarious employment of foreign workers, to work out proposals for state regulating labour migration and reducing the precarious employment.

The research shows signs of precarious employment of foreign workers in Russia: a high level of illegal employment, a low level of remuneration for labour, inadequacy of social protection system and limited access to enjoying of labour rights.

Proposals for state regulation of foreign labor migration, reducing the risk of precarious employment have been formulated. In connection with the expansion of the scope of the patents for foreign citizens the following measures are suggested: providing the federal subjects of the Russian Federation with economic levers of influence on foreign workers for certain types of economic activities and professions, to modifying rules on the law of the Russian Federation to laws for establishing regional factors to the cost of patents, including tax revenues generated from the sale of patents into the regional budget. For foreign citizens coming to work in the territory of Russia, it is proposed to establish specific guarantees on wages and to expand access to social, health and education services as wel as realize a number of measures on social and labour adaptation on the labour market.

Based on the experience of the city of Moscow measures to reduce precarious employment of foreign workers at the regional level have been elaborated: the interregional labour exchange with the assistance of regional employment services, the use of new technologies of employment, staff recruitment in state institutions.

Keywords: labour market; employment; labour migration; precarious employment; government regulation of labour migration.

 

Smirnykh, L I.

Fixed-Term Contracts: Impact on the Worker Flows and Job Flows

Abstract

In Russia, the extent of the use of fixed-term contracts is comparable with that in other countries. Fixed-term contracts allow businesses to adapt to fluctuations in demand; allow for the selection of employees for performance on permanent jobs; form a buffer to protect permanent jobs.

The Purpose of the Study is to determine the effects of the business use fixed-term contracts for the operation of the Russian labour market.

Problem. On the one hand, due to the use of fixed-term contracts, enterprises can achieve the best match between workers and jobs. At one and the same jobs they can be re-hire and fire workers with them, which will lead to an increase in labour mobility and movement of labour in the labour market. Fixed-term contracts for workers mean reduction of employment protection and the reduction of costs for the enterprises use labour. They can affect the reallocation of labour from less productive firms to more productive firms. They can influence the creation and elimination of jobs, reflecting on the movement of jobs in the labour market.

The Subject of the Study is the effect of fixed-term contracts on the labour movement and the movement of jobs.

The Object of the Study. Companies employing at least 10 people in six industries (mining, manufacturing, construction, transport and communications, trade, finance and business services) were studied. By using two step method of least squares (2SLS) the effect of fixed-term contracts of hiring and firing workers, the creation and elimination of jobs was evaluated. With the application of the generalized method of moments (GMM) the effect of fixed-term contracts to the "idle" labour turnover was calculated. The study was performed using the data of Russian enterprises (2009-2011).

As a result, it was found out that companies with fixed-term contracts often hire and fire workers at the same time more often. Fixed-term contracts contribute to the redistribution of the labour force in the labour market and increase its flexibility. However, with the increasing number of fixed-term contracts movement of jobs is reduced. Under the influence of fixed-term contracts the enterprises liquidate jobs much oftener than they create them. "Idle" labour turnover increases but transition workers into permanent jobs is less likely at the enterprises with fixed-term contracts.

Keywords: fixed-term contracts, job creation, labour turnover, the turnover of jobs, employment protection.

 

Judit Csoba

Forms of Precarity and the Development of Its Characteristics in Hungary

Abstract

In the wake of the development of the market model that evolved as a result of the fall of socialism and the process of privatisation, the role of the state, which had played a dominant role during the socialist era in all areas, decreased gradually. Owing to the fact that neoliberal ideology gained ground, as well as to the economic effects of globalisation, this process intensified during the second half of the 1990s in Hungary just like in other countries. The effects of deregulation manifested themselves in almost all areas, but especially in the gradual erosion of the system of institutions that was meant to guarantee the security of the citizens, and in the fact that the labour market was becoming more flexible and, moreover, increasingly uncertain. In parallel to this process, a work-based society became ubiquitous, a wide range of welfare services appeared that were tied to ‘compulsory work,’ and this lead not only to the loss of social citizenship, but also to a reduction of the importance of the system of democratic institutions during recent years.

Most social groups do not have well-developed and viable survival strategies that they could rely on in the face of the multi-dimensional uncertainty that affects increasingly broad classes of society, and that took the place of the social security that had existed earlier. Organisational structures or bodies representing the interests of marginalised groups, which could provide them with security and guarantees, are almost completely missing, and the constant state of transition, the loss of status and the lack of a future perspective make the frustrated masses more and more susceptible to extreme populism, which promises them order, stability and safety. The number of people who sympathise with extreme right-wing movements has grown considerably.

Keywords: precarity, flexibility, employment policy, atypical employment, fixed-term employment, part-time employment

 

Sankova, L V.

Precarious Employment in the Modern Economy: Systemic Risk or "Special" Form of Flexibilisation

Abstract

Object: The problem of precarization employment.

The Subject of the Study. The theoretical, methodological and practical aspects of the study of the phenomenon from the point of precarization systemic risk to employment and from the standpoint of a particular form of employment flexibility in the transition to an innovative model of economic development.

Purpose. Developing conceptual approaches to the study and analysis of precarization employment as systemic risk.

Basic Theoretical Aspects of the Article. The analysis proposes classification criteria of  precarization forms of employment, determins demands of an interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of the nature of systemic risk precarization employment, specifies a narrow and a broad approach to its assessment of the modern economy, highlights the specificity of latent instability of employment. Systemic risks posed by precarization employment have both exogenous and endogenous and cascading and global nature. The most significant and large-scale forms of precarious employment are analized: unemployment; temporary and part-time employment; wage arrears; labour protests; agency work; employment under conditions that do not meet standards of safe work, and others with the projection to the regional level. The results of evaluation of the extent of precarious employment in 2008, 2011, 2013 are presented. It is noted that the differentiation of understanding precarization as a special form of flexibilisation or as a systemic risk to the entire sphere of employment is important to select the emphasis in the development of social policy in general and the Decent Work Agenda.

Keywords: precarity, employment, decent work, flexibilisation, systemic risk, social policy.

 

Fedchenko, A A., Maslova Ye V.

The Role of Precarious Employment in the Clustering Community

Abstract

Object of the Study. Precarisation and its development that according to the authors, leads to the strongly pronounced social society clustering.

Subject of the Study is the unstable employment’s influence on the clustering in question.

Purpose. The identification of the reasons of unstable employment and its role in the society stratification.

The Basic Theoretical and Empirical Aspects. There are serious gaps between social clusters from the point of view of that place which they take in society. The most pressing questions are the high risk of dismissal of some categories of workers and the essential differentiation of the income. The analysis that was carried out by authors in the Voronezh Region shows that mostly the young people, who don't have any working experience, enter in labour relations, that are characterized by insufficient legal and social guarantees. Statistical and sociological data confirm the importance of this social cluster and the need of specific measures’ development of young people’s employment support according to their social, psychological, professional and other features.

It is pointed out that instability of employment is provoked by considerable vocational and territorial disproportions on regional labour markets.

The instability of employment and the low level of compensation in some clusters and, on the contrary, significant growth in the income in others lead to the deepening stratification of the society. The coefficient of funds is the indicator that confirms the legitimacy of such statement. The reasons for the unstable employment in the region are: the low level of compensation in the registered sector of the economy, the high share of small-scale production, the high level of informal employment and a shadow salary, the high level of focal unemployment, as well as the  low efficiency of professional orientation work among the population. The analysis allows to reveal the most vulnerable categories and to define the influence of various factors on dynamics of poverty and inequality. The growth of stability of employment and material well-being are possible only if the efforts of the authority and the society are integrated.

Keywords: precarisation; social clustering; labor market; youth employment; decent work.

 

Fyodorova, A E., Parsyukevitch, A M.  

The Impact of Restructuring the Main Enterprise on the Social and Labour Sphere of the Monotown

Abstract.

Theoretical and Empirical Aspect of the Article. Socioeconomic transformation and crisis phenomena in the Russian economy in recent years have, led to the transformation of the social and labour sphere, which was the least adapted to the new realities of economic life. In its turn, the qualitative and quantitative state of the labour force determines the efficiency of the processes of economic growth. Consequently, there remains the relevance of monitoring the factors that characterize the influence of the main enterprise in the social and labour spheres of the monoterritory. The desire to reduce the main enterprise labour costs and reduce expenditures on the social infrastructure of the monotown has a painful impact on the local labour market and the economically active population.

Implications of the negative impact on well-being is characterized by a decrease in the labour force, which necessitates scoring and researching the problems of social pollution from economic activities of businesses.

Solving problems of lowering levels of social polluting the social and labour sphere of economic activity of the monoterritory by the main enterprise is severely limited by the lack of evidence-based information and methodological support of monitoring, analysis and evaluation of the factors and processes of social pollution. Thus, the relevance of this study is related to the urgent need to researching the phenomenon of social pollution from economic activities of economic development of enterprises and elaborating the methods of controlling it.

Keywords: social and labour sphere of the monoterritory, social pollution, toxic management practices, prekarity, the health manpower company

 

Social Inequality

Grigor’yev, SI, Mironova, SV, Martynova, MYu.

Social Justification for Inequality and the Problem of Justice

Abstract

Object. The factors stimulating a new civilization type of society. New forms of a combination of the global, national and regional in the development of the person and societies.

Subject. Complicating development of the person in society. Directions of growth and forms of social dynamics. Changing structure, character and dynamics of the social relations. Transformation of a way of life of the main groups of the population. Changing of the form and content of the activity demanded in professional, public and social life. Updating problems of management by social and cultural development and the level of safety of life.

Changing a dominating paradigm in public life and public consciousness of an ekonomotsentrizm, market priorities, priorities of educational society. Social consequences of the global information and communication. Process of formation of new social culture. Transition from traditional society – to consumer, and from it - to noospheric society of knowledge, education society.

Purpose. The description of process of change like civilization development of humanity and formation of new model of society: «educational»

Direction of the theoretical analysis. Main contents. The most important conclusions of the authors are presented in the publication as results of conceptual, theoretical and methodological and applied, empirical researches at the turn of the 21st century about strategic changes in judgment of problems of justice in modern society against growth of global and local risks for life of people of the Earth and in Space. Main conclusion: changing the type of civilization development of humanity, formation of educational society, development of a civilization of operated socionatural evolution, a noosphere model of its development. The new basic grounds, criteria of determination of justice on the basis of culturevitalism as social metatheory and sociology of vital forces of the person and society, the vitalistsky sociological paradigm.

Keywords: global risks, vital space of society and the person, vital forces of society and the person, the basic social relations, the political relations in society, the economic relations in society, the social relations in society, the spiritual and cultural relations in society, the social-and-ecological relations in society, vital resources of society and the person, educational society, noosphere society, society of knowledge, economy of knowledge, «green economy», a social status of the person, a social role of the person, social equality, a social inequality, social justice, social injustice, the justice bases

 

Yakovlev, I G.

Improving the Standard of Scientists’ Living: Social Justice for the Humanities

Abstract.

The article is devoted to searching for ways to ensure social justice for members of the humanities to improve the living standards of scientists. In this case effective means is to create a thesaurus database formalizing the humanitarian works conceptual apparatus. This approach enables the implementation of human science legal protection. Creation of humanitarian technology platform is possible on this basis.

Keywords: humanitarian work, thesaurus database, legal protection, commercialization, a technology platform.

 

Savchenko, PV, Golubev, VS, Fedorova, MN.

The Social-Human Vector of the Development of the Russian Socioeconomic System

Abstract

Object. The role of the human as an economic and social actor in the sociohumanitarian development is considered.

The Subject of the Analysis. The trends of changes in the Russian socioeconomic system and its subsystems are analyzed: economic, political, social, moral, home and family – for the purpose of the presence of basic problems and contradictions of socio-humanitarian development.

The Main Aspects of the Article. The authors proceed from the fact that socio-humanism is based on the harmonious synthesis in the system nature-man-society. The human as an economic and social actor possesses vital, intellectual and moral capital is affected by the vertical and horizontal relations of socioeconomic system and at the same time formes them in his (her) own image. The contradictions are resolved by the generation of «new», that are the harmonic synthesis of the resolving oppositions. The sociohumanitarian state is a natural stage in the sequence: liberal – social - sociohumanitarian.

Purpose of the Article. The existing trends of economic and sociohumanitarian development of Russia are completely contradictory. Some of them corresponds to the socio-humanitarian vector of the development, whereas others not. The system reforms are to be carried out. Under the conditions of globalization the main thing is to win competition for the human. In Russia it is necessary to improve institutions and infrastructure of the human development that include the motivation to the creation of innovations for the realization of creative and owner’s abilities, social elevators for promoting of the creative persons and groups.

Keywords: sociaoeconomic system, sociohumanism, a socio-humanitarian state, the human as an economic and social actor, vital capital, intellectual capital, moral capital.

 

Demographic Problems of Quality of Life

Stepanova, A V.

Demographic Development of Moscow in the Early 2000s

Abstract

Object. Demographic processes of fertility, mortality, migration in Moscow.

Subject of the Study. Interrelation of the standard of living and demographics

Dynamics of population size and density of Moscow, the age structure of the population, trends in demographic processes of fertility, mortality and migration. Dynamics of migration rates. Migration and natural increase of the population of Moscow. The aging process.

Analytical Results. Declining birth rates and rising death rates (natural decline in the population of Moscow from 1989 to 2010) as a consequence of the economic crisis of the 1990s. The first increase in the birth rate in the early 2000s. as a phenomenon of the demographic wave of the past, and how to improve the economic situation and population policy. Unevenness of growth in the population of the Moscow administrative districts. Significant shift in the ratio between the number of adjacent generations - the factor of demographic waves. High rate of migration - a factor of the economic needs of a large city in the labour force. Shift of the peak of births by age group of 20-24 years to 25-29 years (approaching fertility patterns in Berlin and London). The age pattern of fertility in Moscow is markedly different from the "new" model of fertility of most Russian regions.

Positive trend: reducing the proportion of non-marital births in the total number of births in Moscow from 30% (2005) to 25% (2011), and in Russia. Life expectancy in 2012 was in Moscow 71.6 years for men and 79.6 years for women. Gender differences in Moscow: a reduction in mortality (rate of men - minus the rate of women) decreased from 10.8 years (2001) - up to 8 years old (2012).

The main causes of death are: 1) cardiovascular diseases; 2) accidents (injury and poisoning). High mortality Moscow is relatively in a more favourable position to the other regions of Russia

Migration processes. Net migration of Moscow at the expense of internal migration had doubled by 2000. Share of regions in the Central District is at 36-39% of the volume of migration in Russia. Win birth of those arrived from other towns (non-residents) in Moscow vigorously growing: from 3.5% (1992) to 21% (2011).

Purpose. Getting a complete picture of the dynamic basic demographic indicators (fertility, mortality, migration).

Sources of Social Statistics. The author has used the data of the 2002 and 2010 censuses, as well as of the current statistics. Particular attention is paid to the influence of fertility and mortality among non-resident citizens of Moscow on the performance of vital Moscow.

Keywords: Moscow, population, fertility, mortality, migration, age structure of the population.

 

Quality of Work

Feoktistova, O.A.

Quality of Work in the Field of Research and Development: the Specifics of the Incentive Scheme

Abstract:

Relevance. The strategic goal of the state - giving the economic development of Russian innovative nature - cannot be achieved without a radical increase of competitiveness of Russian science, its extension to world leadership, the growth of its effectiveness. In this regard, studies to improve the quality of work in the field of research and development are of particular interest.

Subject of the Study. Analysis of the process to promote scientific and research work as a mechanism for management quality level of work performance, identifying specifics of stimulating R & D work and determining approaches to the incentive system in the field of R & D.

Problem. The concept of quality of work, and the problem of its increase. Legend of the  predicates of quality of work: a) the complexity of the work, b) the content of the work, c) qualifications of the employee, g) the intensity and productivity of labour, d) the results of work, e) working conditions. Classification definitions: 1) the quality of work as the quality of labor (K Marx, LS Blyakhman, VA Sidorov, LV Krivenko, Frenkel’ Gomberg, etc..) 2) the quality of work as the labor process, the differences between certain types of work (S Beam, J Kotlik, IT Korogodin, KI Kurowski, EI Yevseyenko, E. Shapiro, and OL Guzakova, etc..) 3) quality of work as the results of labour (VN Belkin, MY Ivanov, AN Azriliyan etc..).

Purpose. Formulating the specifics of the research work.

Keywords: Quality of labour, stimulating labour, R & D, scientists, scientific organization, the result, the quality of work performance, evaluation criteria.

 

The Level and Quality of Life

Bobkov, VN, Gulyugina, AA

Monitoring Income and Living Standards (3rd quarter 2014)

Abstract.

Relevance. Monitoring of income and living standards of the Russian population has been carried out in the All-Russia Centre of Living Standard PLC for more than 15 years. It is based on an interconnected system of socio-economic indicators including the use of specific indicators developed at the Centre.

Object. Incomes and living standards of the Russian population.

Subject of the Study. Dynamics of change in consumer prices for goods and services market in Q3 2014. Subsistence minimum in the face of rising cost of food basket in Q3 2014 compared with Q3 2013. Regional differences in the subsistence minimum. Reducing consumption and the average per capita budget. The ratio of the growth rate of pensions to wage growth. Dynamics of subsistence minimum, cash income and purchasing power of the population. Structure and level of expenditure. Consumer spending.

The purchasing power of consumer spending. Grouping the subjects of the Russian Federation on the level of purchasing power of money income. Cash income: comparative characteristics by federal districts. Socioeconomic differentiation of population in the group stratification: the poor, low income, below medium income, relatively wealthy, wealthy and rich.

Concentration of cash income in the "non-poor" group with per capita incomes above 3-subsistence levels. Differentiation of wage levels, in federal districts. Differentiation of wages by groups of workers with different wages in relation to the size of the subsistence minimum of the population.

Purpose. Formating an economic and statistical pattern of living standard and quality of life, taking into account regional differences in different categories of socioeconomic stratification.

Result. The result of monitoring is digital and analytical information obtained through the methods of economic and statistical analysis for Russia as a whole, and by federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: incomes, differentiation, wages, monitoring, purchasing capacity, a consumer budget, consumer spending, subsistence minimum, stratification, a federal district, a subject, a living standard, tendencies (trends).

 

Health - an indicator of the quality of life

Butrina, VI  

Quality of Life of Invalids: Analysis of Present-Day Situation in Russia

Abstract

Relevance. The topicality of the research is due to the increasing complexity and acuteness of social problems of the disabled in society. In the context of globalization, leading to the transformation of social systems it becomes very important to find solutions for the problems that reduce the quality of life of people with disabilities.

Object. Children (511000) aged 0-17 with disabilities (various diseases). People with disabilities – a total of 12 million.

The Subject Matter. Assessment of the demographic situation and the proportion of people with disabilities. Evaluation of parameters of growth/decline of the population 2000 - 2014 determine the connection between the population growth and level and quality of life.

Theoretical analysis of the relationship between the concepts of «quality of life» and «human potential». The relationship of the concept of «human capacity» with «quality of life» and with one of the key indicators - the level and quality needs of the individual, group and society. Theoretical analysis of the structure of «human potential»: a) the external potential (environmental and technical) and b) of the internal potential biological side (substrate, functions and spiritual side (needs, abilities).

Assessment of quality of life from the position of subjective indicators (degree of satisfaction with the quality of life of individuals) and objective indicators (satisfaction scientific needs and interests of the population).

Parties of «quality of life»: 1) material (food, clothing, housing), 2) ecological (the state of the natural environment), 3) physiological - health (availability of medical care), 4) existential (security level), 5) social (stable social relations in the society), 6) cultural (availability of sufficient conditions for education and development of abilities). «Index of human development» that includes all the aspects of quality of life and basic social indicators: 7) «the life expectancy of the population», 8) development of education, 9) the standard of living of the population.

The analysis of «health» as a factor of quality of life. Sociomedical care of persons health outcomes.

The analysis of the reasons of age, the proportion of chronic diseases and mortality of able-bodied citizens of the Russian Federation. Underfunding as the reason for the deceleration of the health system. Immanent reasons of the health system involving incomplete and inefficient activities of that social institution.

Comparison of RF and EU on the level of mortality of the population (including mortality in working age). The reasons of the reduction of working life for men and women in the Russian Federation. Sociological survey respondents (15-30 years) in the presence of chronic diseases. Analysis of growth trends of cardiovascular disease in different age groups of the population. Analysis of the material side of life quality. Real money incomes, especially in the group of low-income Russians. Analysis of the needs of the population in life support on main areas: food, clothes, wages, housing. Analysis of the cultural aspect of life quality. Degree of satisfaction with teaching children in school, Analysis of social protection of the disabled with a special measure of «quality of life». The level and quality of professional rehabilitation of people with disability. Needs assessment in vocational guidance, vocational training and retraining, labour adaptation. Growing requirements for hired personnel reduce the chances of disabled persons to obtain employment,

Purpose. The aim of this article is a comparative analysis of the level and quality of life in our country and people with disabilities. The comparison of the standard of living of ordinary people and the disabled, in particular in order to see what is the gap between the level and quality of life of these people in our country

The main aspects of the article. The article gives a comparative analysis of the level and quality of life in our country and people with disabilities. The analysis conducted by several criteria, but the main emphasis is on three overall indicators: income, health indicators, the quality and availability of education. As a result of the research there appeared that in general the quality of life in Russia can be considered high, but the quality of life of people with disabilities in our country is low.

Keywords: quality of life, criteria of quality of life, human development, the index of human development, human potential, invalids, the necessities of life

 

Mishchuk, SN, Anosova, SV.

Public Health as a Factor of Formation and Development of the Human Capital of the Region

Abstract

Relevance. The indicators of the level of development of the health system in one of the subsidized regions of the Far East Russia – the Jewish Autonomous Oblast’ (JAO) are analized. Over the past six years, the population in the JAO has decreased by almost 30%, due to both natural and mechanical movement of the population.

Object. Statistics diseases and health indicators in the region are characteristic of human development.

Subject of the Study. Analyzing of the reasons for the trend for JAO to the highest possible performance level of mortality among the regions of the Far East. Analysis of the structure of diseases in the region: the leading place in the structure of primary disease occupy respiratory diseases, tuberculosis in particular. The nature of the epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in recent years has remained rather tense - its incidence in the region is 2.5 times higher than in Russia. The main reason for these processes is insufficient preventive measures aimed at identifying the disease at an early stage. In addition, provision of medical facilities in the area average staff above the national average, staffing by physicians of medical institutions reaches only 43%.

Results of the Study.

As a result of the analysis of empirical data it is shown that there are some positive trends in health care field, including in the provision of cash payments to employees primary, increasing the number of residents immunized against several diseases, newborn screening, but the rates of morbidity and mortality are still high.

Purpose. Analysis of the impact of changes in health indicators on demographic development in one of the subsidized regions of the Far East Russia - Jewish Autonomous Oblast (JAO) for the period from 2006 to 2012. Subject of the study - analysis of changes in fertility and mortality as a result of JAO ongoing changes in the health care field.

Key words: the Jewish Autonomous Oblast’, health, health care, human capital

 

Pension Reform

Pavlyuchenko, VG

Accumulated Pension in the Light of Current Legislation

Abstract.

Relevance. The article discusses one of the most pressing social problems of present-day Russia - the pensions of the older generation. In relation to adopting the law (2013) to reform the current system of mandatory pension insurance, which has brought significant changes in the funded pension insurance

Object. Pension reform in 2013-2014. - Social aspects, the economic entity, the regulatory system of calculating the pension fund, the socioeconomic aspect of labour motivation in pension legislation, the principles of a differentiated approach and pension rights.

Subject of the Study. The place and role of funded pension insurance system in the economic development of the country. Empowering the individual to ensure their old age due to a funded pension system. Conditions and the order of appointing and paying the funded pension. Funded pension insurance as a special type of insurance coverage with its own rules and features. Procedure for financing insurance premiums. Provision of the pension fund for mandatory pension insurance. Paymaster reserve. System of guaranteeing the rights of the insured in the system of funded pension insurance.

Purpose. Formation of methodological foundations in discovering the essence of the pension reform in 2013-2014., Its component regulatory system, sexual orientation and economic mechanisms.

Main Directions of the Article. The nature of the key category of funded pension insurance - property for retirement savings has been analized. The author's interpretation has been given. Much attention is paid to the problems of formation, preservation conditions and solvency payments of the funded pension.

Keywords: funded pension , special pension payments , retirement savings , investment, a paymaster reserve , insurance premiums , the system guaranteeing the rights, a pension fund , private pension funds , the funding system, a guarantee fund, a warranty case.

 

Social and Cultural Problems of Russian Society

Artamonova, MG

Formation of the Cossacks as a People and Distributed Social Institution

Abstract

Object. Sociocultural tradition, lifestyle, lifestyle of the Cossacks established in history and formed during regeneration.

Subject of the Study. Historical and sociological problems of the ethnogenesis of the Cossacks. Processes of institutionalization, group integration and subcultural development of the Don Cossacks as the most representative of the Russian Cossack community.

The Main Hypothesis. Cossacks as a hierarchically organized community with a stable culture of collective action in the process of regeneration, should be a more integrated part of society, capable of self-organization and self-management.

Main Problems: sovereignty of the Cossacks, generation gap and traditions, loss of the central structure in lifestyles, social exclusion, social status strain, lifestyle and lifestyle strain tradition inversion of sociocultural meanings in reviving (primary and secondary, higher and lower, internal and external), cultural assimilation, coagulation values.

Secondary Problems. Identity problem of the Cossacks. Subidentification elements. Sociocultural bases of identity. Russiancentre and Cossackcentre ethnicities. Sociocultural types of the present-day Cossacks.

Purpose. Systematic identification of groups of problems that characterize the deviation of the process of the current revival of the Cossacks from the historical sociocultural sample to develop a corrective strategy.

Keywords: ethnogenesis, the Cossack people, the Cossack class, institutionalization, incorporation, a collective institution two-class nature, sociocultural barriers

 

Logic and Methodology of Scientific Researchя

Artamonov, GN

The New System Analysis Methodology

Abstract

Object. Laws and properties of the system in the ontological and epistemological aspect. Levels of the methodology in the analysis and synthesis of the subject knowledge.

Subject of the Study. The lattice as a logical premise of understanding and comprehension of the final shape of the object of knowledge in the form of tables and system models. Intellectual cycle as structurally organized process of learning, which is a daisy chain of binary logic-topical links all modes of thought (deduction subduction eduktsii, products, induction and traduction), unfolding under the laws of logic array. The essence of rational, reasonable and worldview (spiritual) intelligence. Logical acts of thinking and their integration into the topos. Topos and their integration into the system. Laws and properties of the system. The system and its functional subsystems of vertical and horizontal type.

Purpose. Definition of the nature and principles of the new methodology related to traditional as "special" - to the "general." Building a methodological transition: 1) from logic to a topic, and 2) from the topic - to systems analysis. Establishing laws and properties of the system in the ontological and epistemological aspect. Description topos as structural elements of the system and the system of cells of symmetry.

The Theoretical Description of the Article. The article deals with the essence of rational intelligence and the dominant and subdominant topical logical thinking; essence of reasonable intelligence, representing wrapping leadership topics, in relation to the subordinate - the logical way of thinking; essence of philosophical thinking - is expressed in the leading role of systemic way of thinking and logical-subordinate topical ways of thinking. Laws and properties of the three-tier system of consciousness (logic - topic - system analysis, the concept - the idea - system picture of the object of knowledge). The logical lattice as the beginning, the foundation of regulatory principle and final mental scheme in cognitive activity. Logical-topical cycles of thinking and coordinated by them principles of system integration of the results of cognitive activity. Functional subsystems in the system structure. Vertical and horizontal functional subsystems. Vector and multilinear mapping routes to semantic relationships of the cognizable subject.

Keywords: logic, topic, semantic lattice cell symmetry, the rational intellect, reasonable intelligence, spiritual intelligence, philosophical activity, ideological processes, functional subsystems, system analysis, system modelling.

 

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