2018 ; № 1
INDICATORS OF PRECARIOUS EMPLOYMENT IN THE FORMAL ECONOMY IN RUSSIA, QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION
The Object of the Study. Precarious employment.
The Subject of the Study. Indicators for the quantitative estimation of the prevalence of precarious employment in the formal economy in Russia.
The Purpose of the Study. Еvaluation of the prevalence of the precarious employment phenomena in the employment sphere in Russia.
The Main Provisions of the Article. The system of indicators of precarious employment involving estimation based on the analysis of the forms and conditions of employment applicable to employees in the formal economy in Russia is introduced in the article. Quantitative assessment of the prevalence of precarious employment in Russia on the proposed indicators based of data of Federal State Statistics Service and the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring survey (RLMS-HSE) are provided, the dynamics of indicators in the period 2013-2016 are considered. The analysis of the obtained results is conducted, areas (indicators) associated with the greatest prevalence of precarious employment in Russia are identified.
SPATIAL INEQUALITY IN THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND LIVING STANDARDS OF THE POPULATION IN THE URAL AND VOLGA FEDERAL OKRUGS AND RUSSIA AS A WHOLE (2013-2016).
BOBKOV, VN. ,DOLGUSHKIN, NK.
The Object of the Study. Population of the Russian Federation differentiated by the quality of live and living standards regarding the living conditions in federal okrugs and administrative subjects.
The Subject of the Study. Spatial inequality in the quality of life and living standards.
The Purpose of the Study is judging the scales of the spatial inequality in the quality of life and living standards of population in the Ural and Volga Federal Okrugs and comparing them with those in the Russian Federation as a whole.
A system of indicators of the quality of life and living standards in the Ural and Volga Federal Okrugs has been elabourated and quantitatively evaluated and compared to those in the Russian Federation as a whole for 2013-2016. A high spatial inequality of the majority of the indicators has been revealed.
PUBLIC FINANCES AND THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE POPULATION IN REGIONS (CONSIDERING AN EXAMPLE OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST)
Kadomtseva, SV.,Pivkina, NYu.
The Object of the Study. Quality of life of the population in the Russian Far East.
The Subject of the Study. Assessment of socioeconomic indicators of the quality of life in the regions of the Russian Far East.
The Purpose of the Study. Analyzing the quality of life of the population on the most important components based on socioeconomic indicators of regions and comparing them with similar indicators for the Russian Far East Federal Okrug and Russia as a whole.
The Basic Provisions of the Article. An important condition for improving demographic processes in the regions of the Russian Far East is the improvement of the quality of life. Prior to the leaders of the regions is the task of increasing socioeconomic indicators above the national average for the preservation of skilled personnel in the region. The birth rate and mortality rate, the level of external and internal migration, the monetary incomes of the population, the level of poverty, unemployment and inflation are analyzed. Improving transport accessibility for regions that have a huge territory and negative migration processes stimulates the consolidation of the population.
LIMITATIONS OF THE LIVING WORKING-AGE POPULATION AS A TOOL FOR REGULATING THE MINIMUM LEVEL OF LABOUR INCOMES IN RUSSIA AND ITS ARCTIC SPECIFICITY
Object. The minimum level of labour incomes of the working population
Subject. Subsistence level of the able-bodied population.
Purpose. Identification of the main signs of the limited subsistence level of the able-bodied population as a tool for regulating minimum labour incomes and their Arctic specificity.
The Main Provisions of the Article. In the mechanism of regulation of the minimum incomes operating in Russia, the subsistence level of the able-bodied population is intended to justify the minimum wage guaranteed by the state. The main discussions are held around issues revealing the limited living wage of the able-bodied population as a regulator of the minimum income. Its vulnerability comes from the methodology of definition and is manifested both in the norms of consumption, and in the degree to which the commodity sets correspond to contemporary realities. Another, no less important side of the limitation of the subsistence level of the able-bodied population, is related to the method of calculating it, which has been changed since 2013 from normative to normative-statistical. The vector of the regulator's limitations is aimed at reducing the level of minimum income. Regions of the Arctic, located in difficult climatic conditions for living, are significantly different from other Russian regions in terms of consumption characteristics of the population, which are higher for northerners. Therefore, the limited subsistence level of the able-bodied population as an instrument for regulating the minimum income for the Arctic is more significant. In addition, the significance is strengthened by the reduction in the incentive function of the minimum payment for a fee associated with the procedure for calculating northern payments. In the Arctic labour market, this promotes the spread of cheap labour policies, and at the household level, financial difficulties lead to outstanding financial obligations for established payments.
Negative consequences affect the level of social sustainability and the level of development of the Arctic zone as well. Against the background of other arctic countries in the world, the Russian Arctic lags behind in this aspect. One of the factors influencing the acceleration of positive changes in the Arctic is the use of the most successful foreign experiences of financial regulation, including the experience of taking into account the economic interests of the family in the policy of income. The work was carried out on the basis of an analysis of normative legal acts, a database of state statistics and publications on the topic of open access research.
PROBLEMS OF THE FUNCTIONING OF LOCAL LABOUR MARKERS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE NEW ECONOMIC REALITY
Barriers of modernizing and innovative developing the social and labour sphere of the Russian economy have been revealed and conceptual principles of state management of the development of economic relations in Russia in the framework of the new economic reality as well as the strategy of resetting the Russian economy on the innovative way of development and increasing business activity have been formulated. Local labour markets have been defined as an economic category. Institutional characteristics of the labour market have been presented, and the process of institualizing the development of economic relations has been explained.
INNOVATIVE PRACTICES OF SOCIALLY ORIENTED NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS ON FAMILY AND CHILDREN'S AFFAIRS IN RUSSIA
GRIGOR’YEV, SI.,KATAYEVA, VI.,FOMICHYOVA, TV.
Abstract: The activities of non-governmental non-profit organizations in the Russian Federation. The work of socially-oriented non-governmental non-profit organizations with families and children is considered in more detail. The statistical data of the Ministry of Justice for the Federal Districts of the Russian Federation are taken as a basis. The Object of the Study. Socially-oriented non-governmental non-profit organizations with families and children registered in the territory of the Russian Federation. The Subject of the Study. Innovative practices of socially-oriented non-profit organizations for family and children in Russia. The Purpose of the Study is reviewing innovative practices of socially-oriented non-profit organizations for family and children in Russia. The Theoretical Aspect of the subject is studing conceptual approaches to the study of the activities of socially-oriented non-state non-profit organizations with families and children in theoretical sociology. The Empirical Aspect of the Subject is studing innovative practices of socially-oriented non-profit organizations for family and children in Russia for empirical measurements.The Main Theoretical Provisions of the Article are practices of socially-oriented non-profit organizations as a functional aspect of studying the activities of these organizations in Russia. The role of the non-profit sector in the development of the country's economy is revealed. Programs of state support for socially-oriented non-profit organizations are analyzed. The subjects of the Russian Federation are singled out - the leaders in terms of the number of non-profit organizations and the number of NGOs working with families and children. The article describes and classifies the areas of activity of non-profit organizations for working with families and children, and innovative models of this kind of activity are identified. As a result of the analysis, a number of systemic problems are highlighted that can hamper the development of socially-oriented non-profit organizations aimed at supporting families and children. When working on this research specific methods of document analysis were used: traditional (primary) document analysis as well as secondary, comparative analysis. Thus, a "triangular approach" is applied to research innovative practices of socially oriented non-profit organizations.
SOCIAL PERSPECTIVES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2017-2030 PROJECT
The Object of the Study. The Russian society in the condition of transition to the fourth industrial revolution.
The Subject of the Study. Social problems in the context of the transitional period.
The Main Provisions of the Article. The new project of digitalization aimed at building a society of knowledge and creating the economy of a new type has practically a defensive nature, first of all directed toward defending sovereinty by way of creating home analogues 4.0. Taking into account an open global and all-penetrating character of the new generation of technologies such an approach could turn to Russian self-isolation and further backwardness. A complex index of readiness to 2017 has shown that sovereignty in Russia has a rather high level that’s why a new digitalization project really consolidates the achieved success. Too little attention has been paid to social problems in the project documents if compared to technical reequipment being limited to only personnel and education. Recognizing significance of digital competence and working out measure for their development among people is obviously not sufficient. A low level of economy with a high level of social inequality, lack of development of analogue supplemets, and Russians’ treating mistrust to institutes will prevent from appearing original, not duplicating, technologies 4.0. A high level of technical optimism of the Russians achieved by the former projects of informatisation of technologies prevalence for solving the problems in question, must be used.
THE HOUSING PROBLEM FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF FAMILY VALUES AND PREFERENCES
The Object of the Study. Housing conditions of households.
The Subject of the Study. Improving housing conditions for households.
The Purpose of the Study. Identifying of problems related to improvement of housing conditions of families in Russia on the basis of analysis of databases on housing construction and housing market, as well as needs, plans and intentions of families.
The Main Provisions of the Article. The problem of improvement of living conditions for many Russian families. Providing housing for low-income households engaged in social policy that includes social housing, housing waiting list and housing subsidies. The severity of the housing problem concerns a wider range of Russian households, which primarily include families with children and young people. The housing situation has had a negative impact on their image and quality of life, as well as on their reproductive systems. The housing policy for families with children is part of the demographic policy.
One of the most important priorities of the state policy in the sphere of housing is the development of low-rise housing construction, which is considered as a key tool for improving the living conditions of the population, solving the problems of emergency housing, overcoming the crowding of the population in large cities.
The paper shows the contradictions of the housing market in Russia. The article reveals the current negative trends of mass industrial housing construction of predominantly small-sized housing that does not meet the needs and demand for housing for Russians, especially families with children. In this regard, the positive role of the construction of individual houses is shown.
Serious problems with housing improvement in Russia, especially in small towns and rural areas are revealed. Positive trends in rural areas caused by construction of individual houses are described.
On the basis of sociological surveys "Complex observation of living conditions of the population" conducted by Rosstat in 2011, 2014 and 2016, the analysis of housing provision of households was made, which showed some decrease, and significant problems for families with children.
The plans and intentions of Russian households to improve their living conditions are analyzed. The dynamics of Russian attitudes and territorial differences are shown. The question of what housing, where and by whom is being built is investigated. The great contribution of individual housing construction, which is largely provided by families with children, was revealed.
The analysis allows to draw a conclusion about low-rise housing construction as a panacea for solving the housing problem in Russia.
NOOSPHERIC PARADIGM OF THE STRATEGY OF THE RISING REPRODUCTION OF THE POPULATION OF RUSSIA
Abstract. The article contains the main subject-matter of the scientific report «Noospheric Paradigm of the Strategy of the Rising Reproduction of the Population of Russia» delivered by the author at the sitting of the Academic Council of the Institute of the Socioeconomic Problems of Population, RAS, on 6 February 2018. The author stresses that Russia and humankind entered the Era of Great Evolution Turning Point on the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries which requires revising the bases of both modern scientific world outlook and formed institutes and mechanisms of socioeconomic development, those supporting the progressive development of reproductive health of nation, in particular. The formed imperative of surviving is the synthesis of the noosphere and socialist imperatives. Hence- the main provisions of the noospheric strategy of the rising reproduction of the Russian population.
MIND IN THE PROCESS OF INTELLECTUALIZATION: THE MODERN CYCLE
The Object of the Study. Global Intellectualization
The Subject of the Study. Intellectualization Processes
The Purpose of the Study. System analysis and control of global intellectualization
The Main Provisions of the Article. The modern cycle of global intellectualization requires its studying, adequate and timely reflecting it in the system of noosphere management, in the content of systems of activity and education.